Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Loss-of-Function Mutations in the Maize Homeobox Gene, Knotted1, Are Defective in Shoot Meristem Maintenance

Authors
item Kerstetter, Randy - USDA/UCB PGEC
item Laudencia-Chigcuangc, Debbie - USDA PGEC
item Hake, Sarah

Submitted to: Development
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 1, 1997
Publication Date: August 1, 1997
Citation: Kerstetter, R.A., Laudencia-Chigcuangc, D., Hake, S.C. 1997. Loss-of-function mutations in the maize homeobox gene, knotted1, are defective in shoot meristem maintenance. Development 124:3045-3054.

Interpretive Summary: The product of the maize homeobox gene, knotted1 (kn1), localizes to the nuclei of cells in shoot meristems, but is absent from portions of the meristem where leaf primordia or floral organs initiate. Mutations reveal a role for kn1 in meristem maintenance, particularly as it affects branching and lateral organ formation.

Technical Abstract: The product of the maize homeobox gene, knotted1 (kn1), localizes to the nuclei of cells in shoot meristems, but is absent from portions of the meristem where leaf primordia or floral organs initiate. Recessive mutant alleles of kn1 were obtained by screening for loss of the dominant leaf phenotype in maize. Mutant kn1 alleles carrying nonsense, splicing and frame shift mutations cause severe inflorescence and floral defects. Mutant tassels produce fewer branches and spikelets. Ears are often absent, and when present, are small with few spikelets. In addition, extra carpels form in female florets and ovule tissue proliferates abnormally. Less frequently, extra leaves form in the axils of vegetative leaves. These mutations reveal a role for kn1 in meristem maintenance, particularly as it affects branching and lateral organ formation.

Last Modified: 7/30/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page