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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: DETECTING AND REDUCING AMMONIA EMISSIONS FROM CATTLE FEEDLOTS AND DAIRIES: A REVIEW

Authors
item Sweeten, J - TAES
item Cole, Noel
item Parker, D - WTAMU
item Auvermann, B - TAES

Submitted to: Atmospheric Nitrogen Compounds II Chapel Hill North Carolina Proceedings
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: June 7, 1999
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Ammonia is one of 170 compounds detected in livestock manure odor. Ammonia is emitted from surfaces of open, unpaved cattle feedlots and dairy corrals at concentrations of 360-980 g/m**3 as compared to background levels of 1-4 g/m**3 in prior research. Ammonia volatilization losses are reportedly 50% or more of total N excreted from open lot surfaces and 23-70% following field spreading. Approaches to ammonia and odor control include improved manure collection and treatment processes, capture and treatment of odorous gases, and improved dispersion through site selection. Approaches to ammonia monitoring include acidic solution traps, chemoluminescence, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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