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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING ALFALFA AND OTHER FORAGE CROPS FOR BIOENERGY, LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Location: Plant Science Research

Title: Soil particulate organic matter response to incorporation of alfalfa regrowth

Authors
item Bauer, R -
item Maher, Ryan
item Russelle, Michael

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2011
Publication Date: July 22, 2011
Citation: Bauer, R.B., Maher, R.M., Russelle, M.P. 2011. Soil particulate organic matter response to incorporation of alfalfa regrowth [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA 2011 International Annual Meeting, October 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, Texas. Abstract No. 64852. Available: http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2011am/webprogram/Paper64852.html.

Technical Abstract: Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations and the potential effects of climate change have driven a need to understand the potential of agricultural soils to store carbon (C). In Midwestern cropping systems, alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has received attention from researchers because including it in crop rotations may reduce the net C cost of corn (Zea mays) production. Alfalfa produces large amounts of above- and below-ground biomass that may affect C storage and help build soil carbon over short timeframes. This study investigated how the incorporation of alfalfa regrowth prior to corn affected the soil organic carbon (SOC) and particulate organic matter C (POM-C) pools at two sites in southern Minnesota. The size of the POM C fraction was compared between regrowth treatments after one growing season and delta13C stable isotope analysis was used to estimate the relative contributions of corn and alfalfa to POM-C. Changes in delta13C in both SOC and POM C were used to determine if the incorporation of alfalfa regrowth increased the contribution of alfalfa to POM-C. Incorporation of alfalfa aboveground biomass stimulated net C mineralization. Incorporated regrowth drove decomposition effects that differentially partitioned biomass inputs between POM-C, SOC, and mineralization. Incorporation of alfalfa standing aboveground biomass may stimulate net soil C decomposition; more research is necessary to determine the factors that influence changes in soil POM-C over longer time frames.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014
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