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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS FOR THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS

Location: Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory

Title: Economic and environmental impacts of corn stover removal for biofuel production: A farm level case study

Authors
item Anand, Manik -
item Bergtold, Jason -
item Archer, David
item Duffy, Patricia -

Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: October 31, 2010
Publication Date: October 31, 2010
Citation: Anand, M., Bergtold, J.S., Archer, D.W., Duffy, P. 2010. Economic and environmental impacts of corn stover removal for biofuel production: A farm level case study. Symposium Proceedings. Southeast Decision Sciences Institute Fortieth Annual Meeting, Wilmington, North Carolina, February 17-19, 2010. p. 90-109.

Technical Abstract: Corn stover is emerging as one of the major sustainable sources for cellulosic ethanol production in the U.S and promises to reduce our dependence on conventional fuels. Removal of corn stover for biomass production can provide an additional revenue generating source for farmers. However, removing corn stover can result in environmental and agronomic repercussions. A non-linear programming model is used to study the viability of corn stover removal at a sample farm at Swan Lake Research Farm near Morris, MN. Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) is used for the environmental and agronomic impacts. Results suggest that partial stover removal is possible without having adverse environmental and agronomic impacts when using conservation tillage practices.

Last Modified: 8/29/2014