Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research
Project Number: 8062-21000-038-02
Start Date: Jul 01, 2010
End Date: Jun 30, 2015
Populations under a Wright-Fisher neutral model will be simulated using a standard coalescent approach with a range of effective population sizes thought to correspond to the effective population sizes of elite small grain crops in North America (Ne = 25 to 400). A polymorphism of the appropriate age (g = 25 to 400 generations) will be selected and effects will be attributed to its alleles. Four hundred individuals will be simulated in this way. These data will then be subjected to single marker and haplotype block analyses. Since the methods use different test statistics, their power will be assessed on the basis of detection power at fixed false discovery rates. Whole chromosomes will also be simulated and populated with one to several causal polymorphisms simulating a locus bearing several mutations and generating an allelic series. Different haplotype block identification methods will be applied to the whole chromosome marker profile. Chromosomes will also be simulated in structured populations. Finally, these analyses will also be applied to real marker and phenotype data from the Barley Coordinated Agricultural Project. Similar approaches can be used to compare performance prediction models rather than QTL detection models. For marker development and scoring through sequencing, we will use subsets of lines from bi-parental populations in barley and wheat. These lines will be sequenced on Cornell machines and progeny sequence compared to parental sequence.