Latin American Biological Control of Weeds and Insects
Project Number: 0206-22000-008-01
Specific Cooperative Agreement
Start Date: Jun 20, 2012
End Date: Jun 19, 2017
The objective of this SCA is to discover, develop, evaluate, and ship biological control agents of invasive species. The invasive species of concern threaten agriculture and natural environments anywhere in the world, but the emphasis of the agreement will be on those invasive species that either originated in Latin America or that threaten Latin America. Discovery includes initial discovery of potential biological control agents (arthropods, nematodes, and microorganisms) and definition of their taxonomy sufficient for subsequent research, development, and regulation. Development includes refinement of methods for monitoring, rearing, and otherwise necessary methods for manipulation of the species. Evaluation of the biological control agent makes estimates of its efficacy against the target invasive species and determines specificity (i.e., avoids damage to non-target organisms). Basic information developed on systematics, behavior, bionomics, physiology, and other aspects of the biology of target and biological control organisms will be considered relevant to the overall effort.
Staff will travel to sites of native origin of invasive species, collect potential biological control agents, and perform other elements of the objectives either at their central facility or at collaborating institutions. Results of biological and other studies will be published in peer reviewed journals to the maximum extent possible. Project plans will be written and reviewed according to the procedures for an ARS laboratory. Reporting will include an annual report written in narrative style to complete requirements for the SCA. In addition, FUEDEI will provide the written materials for an ARS SF-421 annual report including SF-115s of publications and talks.