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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Biosecurity Engagement Program - Between U.S. Department of Agriculture–agricultural Research Service and the U.S. Department of State 2012
2012 Annual Report


1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) will support the Department of State’s Biosecurity Engagement Program (BEP) mission through scientific cooperation in agricultural research to: • Reduce the potential for dual-use application of biological sciences and technologies, particularly by terrorists and proliferant states; • Support U.S. efforts to counter biological terrorism; • Improve international bioscience laboratory capacity through research projects on infectious diseases that will lead to improved surveillance, diagnostics and disease control; • Build science, technology and research sustainability; and • Support long-term proliferation threat reduction.

ARS’s programs advance agricultural science by establishing new expertise in BEP targeted countries, helping to improve the economy of BEP countries through advances in agricultural science and technology, and while enhancing the effectiveness and productivity of ARS research programs. The Office of International Research Programs (OIRP) of ARS, in coordination with the State Department’s Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation/Cooperative Threat Reduction Office (ISN/CTR), will provide program management and administrative approval and oversight to ensure that all collaborations are consistent with ARS objectives and U.S. foreign policy. OIRP will work with additional relevant partners to engage scientific experts in animal health research, development, monitoring and surveillance.


1b.Approach (from AD-416):
The Office of International Research Programs (OIRP) of ARS, in coordination with the State Department’s Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation/Cooperative Threat Reduction Office (ISN/CTR), will provide program management and administrative approval and oversight to ensure that all collaborations are consistent with ARS objectives and U.S. foreign policy. OIRP will work with additional relevant partners to engage scientific experts in agricultural research, development, monitoring and surveillance.


3.Progress Report:

In FY12, under this agreement ARS continued to fund the ARS collaboration costs of 32 on-going research projects with Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, South Africa, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. Examples of ongoing projects include viroid and phytoplasma diseases affecting potato production in Russia; evaluation of potential germplasm resistance against root-knot nematode and Fusarium wilt diseases in cotton; Rift Valley fever diagnosis and surveillance; vaccine studies for Foot and Mouth Disease; control of livestock parasites in the Philippines; Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome; and surveillance and control of Newcastle Disease; and detection and characterization of newly emerged Newcastle disease and avian influenza viruses. ARS funded one new project with Kazakhstan on the “Estimation of Apricot Genetic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation in Central Asia” with the Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology and one new project with Novosibirsk State University in Russia on “Ecology of influenza A and Newcastle disease viruses in wild birds and poultry in Eastern Siberia and pathogenic characterization of isolated influenza viruses in avian species including H5N1 highly pathogenic viruses.” ARS is also working through the office of the USDA representative in Algeria to initiate the Rift Valley Fever research and control project which was funded in FY 2011 but to date has not received a formal proposal from the Algerian side. Lastly, ARS is working through the office of the USDA representative in Algeria to initiate the Rift Valley Fever research and control project which was funded in FY 2011 but to date has not received a formal proposal from the Algerian side. This agreement with DOS was extended through September 30, 2013 with additional funds of $393,950 for on-going projects.


Last Modified: 7/22/2014
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