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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Research Project: IMPACT ON KERNEL AGING ON THE END USE QUALITY OF SORGHUM

Location: Grain Quality and Structure Research Unit

Project Number: 5430-44000-023-06
Project Type: Nonfunded Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Apr 01, 2011
End Date: Mar 31, 2013

Objective:
To determine how aging of sorghum grain impacts biochemical and nutritional properties of sorghum and end-use quality in baked products.

Approach:
The Cooperator will provide grain from 3 white-tan sorghum hybrids, 1 black sorghum hybrid and 1 tannin sorghum line that have been cleaned, but not sized to the USDA-ARS for physical, biochemical, and end-use quality testing. The USDA-ARS will size the grain into 3 separate size classes which will be ground to flour and bread baked from the different size classes. Biochemical properties of the samples will also be evaluated. USDA-ARS will also artificially age the samples by heating under constant moisture conditions and then bake bread from the aged samples. Biochemical properties of the aged samples will also be evaluated. For all experiments, the biochemical properties investigated will be protein and starch content and composition, phenolic content and composition, and anti-oxidant levels. Breads made from all experiments will be evaluated for loaf volume and crumb hardness. Flour quality will be evaluated by RVA, water absorption, starch damage, and particle size.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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