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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Research Project: THE EFFECTS OF ETHYLENE ON GROWTH, WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND YIELD OF CORN GROWN UNDER DIFFERENT LEVELS OF IRRIGATION AND WATER DEFICIT

Location: Water Management Research

2013 Annual Report


1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To determine the response of corn to endogenous ethylene produced during specific growth stages during water stress.


1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Procedure 1. Plot size: 6 rows by 10 m, with two row buffers between plots a. Replicated 8 times 2. Corn Variety: Dekalb 5259 triple stack 3. Irrigation Levels b. 100% ET until the V6-V7 growth stage 1). Withhold water until leaves begin to curl in the middle of the day. 2) Apply 25 g/ha of 1-MCP 3) Remain under water stress for 7-10 d after application 4) 100% ET for the rest of the season. 4. 1-MCP application rate: 25 g a.i./ha applied in 200 l/ha with appropriate surfactant as designated by cooperator. 6. Measurements a. Plant height (internode length) (early application timing only) b. Leaf elongation (hand measures of leaf length and width and/or NDVI) c. Transpiration (Porometry) d. Gas exchange (CO2 and H2O) every day after application and 3 weeks after drought is relieved. e. Rate of senescence (SPAD of leaf above ear leaf and leaf below ear leaf– regular intervals; or canopy level multispectral analysis) f. Yield of middle 2 rows of each plot g. Yield components (kernel #/ear; 1000 kernel wt. test weight, etc.).


3.Progress Report:

This project was completed in 2013 and a final report submitted to AgroFresh. In the final year we applied 1-MCP (25 g/ha) to corn in the V-10 growth stage when it began to show leaf curling in the middle of the day. A time-lapse camera was set up to monitor leaf curling during the day for 10 days following the application of 1-MCP and yield was taken at the end of the growing season. There was no apparent plant response to the application of 1-MCP and there was no difference in yield between the treated and untreated plots. This study concluded a multi-year project on the potential for 1-MCP to mitigate the drought response in corn. Unfortunately no positive responses on yield were ever documented.


Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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