Soft White and Club Wheat for Northwest Oregon
Wheat Genetics, Quality Physiology and Disease Research
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Enhance soft white and club wheat germplasm for traits that reduce production risk in Northeast Oregon, and for milling and baking quality traits that enhance the value of soft white and club wheat in the export market.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Field trials of advanced breeding lines from the USDA-ARS wheat breeding project, located in Pullman, WA, will be established at four locations in NW Oregon. Those trials will be evaluated for agronomic characteristics, grain yield, and quality factors. In the greenhouse and laboratory, breeding lines will be evaluated for traits that are associated with enhanced production in hot, dry environments.
This project supports OSQR Project 5348-21000-030-00D, Objective 3, Sub-objective A. The problem is that the currently grown club wheat cultivars are too late in maturity for Oregon and are not competitive with other wheat cultivars being grown. The methods used are development of new breeding populations that are evaluated with using marker assisted selection, selection for resistance to soil borne disease and stripe rust, and multi-location yield trials conducted at four locations in North Eastern Oregon. New breeding lines have been developed with better agronomic, disease, and quality characteristics that currently grown cultivars. These breeding lines were entered into the Oregon State University Cereal Variety Trials in the fall of 2012. Harvest occurred in 2013 and the grain will be analyzed for quality traits. Performance data were collected and are being analyzed. The results of this research will benefit wheat growers in Oregon by providing them with competitive cultivars in the club market class that will result in additional marketing opportunities for their wheat crop.