2009 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Strengthen cooperation between institutions.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Collaboratively explore joint efforts for research projects and coordinate research activities of mutual interest.
This report serves to document activities and research carried out under the MOU between ARS and AAFC-Research Branch. On May 22, 2008, the ARS Administrator met with the new head of AAFC-RB in Washington. Discussions focused on management and administration of scientific agencies and each agency’s research priorities. AAFC-RB is a partner in PROCINORTE, the IICA supported trilateral research coordinating group of the US, Canada and Mexico. AAFC-RB is reviewing ARS administrative policies and procedures for sponsored invitational travel for comparison with their policies. ARS and AAFC-RB currently have one formal project looking at genetic mechanisms of resistance and symbiosis to Sclerotinia stem rot, one of the major soybean diseases in the North Central region of the United States. In the last reporting year (FY2008) ARS researchers reported the following informal research topics with counterparts in AAFC-Research Branch: Systematics of the Aphidoidea; baculoviruses of insect pests; biocontrol of greenhouse pests; Avenanthramides from oat extract; Fusarium head blight population genetics; develop Maize germplasm with resistance to Fusarium and Gibberella ear rot and associated mycotoxins; systematics, population genetics and plant pathology of fungi of agricultural importance; genomics of wheat leaf rust; microarrays for detection and identification of Phytophthora spp.; development of a website database for Pythium spp.; analyses of Verticillium spp. genomes in the Verticillium Comparative Genomics Project; use of site-specific recombination to remove antibiotic resistance genes from transgenic peach and pear; investigate the potential for vector-borne transmission of A. marginale in Canada; exchange of blackberry, blueberry, strawberry, and raspberry germplasm; preservation of animla genetic resources; Evaluation of winter wheat germplasm; completion of the genetic analysis of Wolbachia in Spalangia spp.; exchange of specimens and DNA samples to investigate the distribution of genetic diversity in Lygus lineolaris; study nymphal parasitoids of Glassy-winged sharpshooter.