Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Diane E Chan
Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory
Agricultural Engineer

Phone: (301) 504-8450 ext. 229
Fax: (301) 504-9466
10300 BALTIMORE AVENUE
BLDG 303 BARC-EAST
BELTSVILLE, MD, 20705-2350


Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Raman spectroscopy and imaging to detect contaminants for food safety applications - (Proceedings) - (29-Apr-13)
Multispectral fluorescence image algorithms for detection of frass on mature tomatoes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Millner, P.D., Chao, K., Cho, B., Chan, D.E., Mo, C. 2014. Multispectral fluorescence image algorithms for detection of frass on mature tomatoes. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 93:1-8.
Inspection of fecal contamination on strawberries using line-scan led-induced fluorescence imaging techniques - (Abstract Only)
Chuang, Y., Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Delwiche, S.R., Lo, Y., Chen, S., Chan, D.E. 2012. Inspection of fecal contamination on strawberries using line-scan led-induced fluorescence imaging techniques. [abstract].
Inspection of fecal contamination on strawberries using line-Scan LED-induced fluorescence imaging techniques - (Proceedings)
Chuang, Y., Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Delwiche, S.R., Chen, S., Chan, D.E. 2012. Inspection of fecal contamination on strawberries using line-Scan LED-induced fluorescence imaging techniques. ASABE Annual International Meeting. Paper No. 21337179.
Quantitative detection of pesticide concentration by Raman chemical method - (Abstract Only)
Chao, K., Qin, J., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E., Fu, X. 2012. Quantitative detection of pesticide concentration by Raman chemical method. [abstract].
The development of line-scan image recognition algorithms for the detection of frass on mature tomatoes - (Proceedings)
Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Millner, P.D., Chao, K., Chan, D.E. 2012. The development of line-scan image recognition algorithms for the detection of frass on mature tomatoes. Proceedings of SPIE. 8369(08):1-7.
An investigation of FT-Raman spectroscopy for quantification of additives to milk - (Abstract Only)
Cheng, Y., Qin, J., Lim, J., Chan, D.E., Kim, M.S., Chao, K. 2012. An investigation of FT-Raman spectroscopy for quantification of additives to milk. Proceedings of SPIE. 8369:83690W.
Nondestructive imaging technologies for agro-food safety inspection - (Abstract Only)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Yang, C., Chan, D.E. 2012. Nondestructive imaging technologies for agro-food safety inspection. [abstract].
Visible to SWIR hyperspectral imaging for produce safety and quality evaluation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M.S., Delwiche, S.R., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2012. Visible to SWIR hyperspectral imaging for produce safety and quality evaluation. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 5(5):155-164.
Red to far-red multispectral fluorescence image fusion for detection of fecal contamination on apples Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Kang, S., Cho, B., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2011. Red to far-red multispectral fluorescence image fusion for detection of fecal contamination on apples. Journal of Food Engineering. 108:312-319.
Control Interface and Tracking Control System for Automated Poultry Inspection - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E. 2014. Control Interface and Tracking Control System for Automated Poultry Inspection. Computer Standards & Interfaces. 36(2):271-277.
Line-scan hyperspectral imaging platform for agro-food safety and quality evaluation: System enhancement and characterization Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Jun, W., Lefcourt, A.M., Delwiche, S.R., Lee, K. 2011. Line-scan hyperspectral imaging platform for agro-food safety and quality evaluation: System enhancement and characterization. Transactions of the ASABE. 54(2):703-711.
Development of a Simple Multispectral Algorithm Using a Hyperspectral Line-Scan Imaging System for Detection of Fecal Contamination on Apples - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Kang, S., Tao, T., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2010. Development of a Simple Multispectral Algorithm Using a Hyperspectral Line-Scan Imaging System for Detection of Fecal Contamination on Apples. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 5:10-18.
Vis/NIR line-scan hyperspectral imaging techniques for food safety and quality inspection - (Abstract Only)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Yang, C., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2010. Vis/NIR line-scan hyperspectral imaging techniques for food safety and quality inspection. Meeting Abstract.
Optical sensing technologies for rapid food safety and quality inspection - (Proceedings)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Jun, W., Lefcourt, A.M., Yang, C. 2010. Optical sensing technologies for rapid food safety and quality inspection. [abstract]. 4th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Food Analysis book of abstracts, p. 182.
Hyperspectral and Multispectral Imaging Technique for Food Quality and Safety Evaluation - (Book / Chapter)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Yang, C., Lefcourt, A.M., Delwiche, S.R. 2011. Hyperspectral and multispectral imaging technique for food quality and safety evaluation. In: Cho, Y., Kang, S. editors. Emerging Technologies for Food Quality and Food Safety Inspection. New York, N.Y.: CRC Press. p. 207-234.
Hyperspectral Imaging Technologies for Nondestructive Agro-Food Evaluation - (Proceedings)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Yang, C., Lefcourt, A.M., Delwiche, S.R. 2010. Hyperspectral Imaging Technologies for Nondestructive Agro-Food Evaluation. International Symposium on New Sensing Technology for Measuring Agro-Food Quality Proceedings. p. 57-71.
Spectroscopic imaging technologies for online food safety and sanitation inspection - (Abstract Only)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Lefcourt, A.M., Yang, C., Qin, J. 2010. Spectroscopic imaging technologies for online food safety and sanitation inspection. [abstract] National Meeting of Institute of Food Technologists/Food Expo.IFT-10 Abstracts, 170-01.
Classification of fecal contamination on leafy greens by hyperspectral imaging - (Proceedings)
Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Kang, S., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2010. Classification of fecal contamination on leafy greens by hyperspectral imaging. Proceedings of SPIE. 7676, 76760F.
Classification of Fecal Contamination on Leafy Greens by Hyperspectral Imaging - (Proceedings)
Yang, C., Jun, W., Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Kang, S., Chan, D.E., Lefcourt, A.M. Classification of Fecal Contamination on Leafy Greens by Hyperspectral Imaging. Meeting Proceedings. http://dx.doi.org/10/1117/12.851069.
Microbial biofilm detection on food contact surfaces by macro-scale fluorescence imaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jun, W., Kim, M.S., Cho, B., Millner, P.D., Chao, K., Chan, D.E. 2010. Microbial biofilm detection on food contact surfaces by macro-scale fluorescence imaging. Journal of Food Engineering. 99(3):314-322.
Machine vision system for online wholesomeness inspection of poultry carcasses Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Chao, K., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E., Early, H., Bell, M. 2010. Machine vision system for online wholesomeness inspection of poultry carcasses. Poultry Science. 89(6):1252-1264.
Nondestructive sensing technologies for food safety - (Proceedings)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Jun, W., Lee, K., Kang, S., Yang, C., Lefcourt, A.M. 2009. Nondestructive sensing technologies for food safety. International Symposium for Improvement of Agro-Food Safety Proceedings. p. 119-126.
Line-scan imaging for improved high-speed food safety inspection - (Popular Publication)
Kim, M.S., Chao, K., Chan, D.E., Lefcourt, A.M. 2009. Line-scan imaging for improved high-speed food safety inspection. SPIE News Room Article, 10.1117/2.1200903.1564.
High Throughput Spectral Imaging System for Wholesomeness Inspection of Chicken - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Yang, C., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E. 2008. High throughput spectral imaging system for wholesomeness inspection of chicken. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 24(4):475-485.
Multispectral Line-Scan Imaging System for Simultaneous Fluorescence and Reflectance Measurements of Apples: Multitask Apple Inspection System - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M.S., Lee, K., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Jun, W., Chan, D.E. 2008. Multispectral line-scan imaging system for simultaneous fluorescence and reflectance measurements of apples: multitask apple inspection system. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 2(2):123-129.
Detection of Fecal/ingesta Contaminants on Poultry Processing Equipment Surfaces by Visible and Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Nou, X., Liu, Y., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E., Yang, C., Patel, J.R., Sharma, M. 2008. Detection of fecal/ingesta contaminants on poultry processing equipment surfaces by visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 24(11):49-55.
Hyperspectral/multispectral Line-Scan Imaging System for Automated Poultry Carcass Inspection Applications for Food Safety - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Yang, C., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E. 2007. Hyperspectral/multispectral line-scan imaging system for automated poultry carcass inspection applications for food safety. Poultry Science. 86(11):2450-2460.
Hyperspectral Reflectance and Fluorescence Line-Scan Imaging for Online Quality and Safety Inspection of Apples - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M.S., Chen, Y.R., Cho, B., Chao, K., Lefcourt, A.M., Chan, D.E. 2007. Hyperspectral reflectance and fluorescence line-scan imaging for online quality and safety inspection of apples. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 1(3):151-159.
Fast Line-Scan Imaging System For Broiler Carcass Inspection - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Yang, C., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E. 2007. Fast Line-Scan Imaging System For Broiler Carcass Inspection. Jrnl of Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety. 1:62-71.
Development of Simple Algorithms for the Detection of Fecal Contaminants on Apples from Visible / Near Infraed Hyperspectral Reflectance Imaging Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E., Lefcourt, A. M. 2007. Development of simple algorithms for the detection of fecal contaminants on apples from visible/near infrared hyperspectral reflectance imaging. Jrnl. of Food Eng. 81:412-418.
Development of Online Line-Scan Imaging System for Chicken Inspection and Differentiation - (Proceedings)
Yang, C., Chan, D.E., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S. 2006. Development of online line-scan imaging system for chicken inspection and differentiation. Proceedings of SPIE. 6381:Y1-Y10.
Poultry Carcass Inspection by a Fast Line-Scan Imaging System: Results from in-Plant Testing - (Proceedings)
Chao, K., Yang, C., Chen, Y.R., Chan, D.E., Kim, M.S. 2006. Poultry carcass inspection by a fast line-scan imaging system: results from in-plant testing. Proceedings of SPIE. 6381:Q1-Q10.
Detection of Fecal / Ingesta Contaminants at Slaughter Plants from a Number of Characteristic Visible and Near Infrared Bands - (Proceedings)
Liu, Y., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Nou, X., Chan, D.E., Yang, C. 2006. Detection of fecal / ingesta contaminants at slaughter plants from a number of characteristic visible and near infrared bands. Proceedings of SPIE. 6381:6381OU-1 - 6381OU-9.
Comparison of Visible and Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy for the Detection of Faeces/ingesta Contaminants for Sanitation Verification at Slaughter Plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y.D., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Nou, X., Chan, D.E., Yang, C. 2006. Comparison of visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for the detection of faeces/ingesta contaminants for sanitation verification at slaughter plants. Near Infrared Spectroscopy Journal. 14:325-331.
Development of Fuzzy Logic-Based Differentiation Algorithm and Fast Line-Scan Imaging System for Chicken Inspection - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yang, C., Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Kim, M.S., Chan, D.E. 2006. Development of fuzzy logic-based differentiation algorithm and fast line-scan imaging system for chicken inspection. Biosystems Engineering. 95(4):483-496.
Development of Two-Band Color-Mixing Technique for Identification of Broiler Carcass Conditions Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Ding, F., Yang, C., Chan, D.E. 2007. Development of two-band color-mixing technique for identification of broiler carcass conditions. Journal of Food Engineering. 80(1):276-283.
Development of Hyperspectral Imaging Technique for the Detection of Chilling Injury in Cucumbers - (Proceedings)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Wang, C.Y., Chan, D.E., Kim, M.S. 2004. Development of hyperspectral imaging technique for the detection of chilling injury in cucumbers. In: Chen, Y.R., Tu, S.I, editors. Proceedings of Nondestructive Sensing for Food Safety, Quality, and Natural Resources. The International Society for Optical Engineering Conference, October 26-27, 2004, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. p. 18-28.
Development of Hyperspectral Imaging Technique for the Detection of Chilling Injury in Cucumbers: Spectral and Image Analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Wang, C.-Y., Chan, D.C., Kim, M.S. 2006. Development of hyperspectral imaging technique for the detection of chilling injury in cucumbers; spectral and image analysis. Applied Eng. in Agric. 22:(1):101-111.
Development of Hyperspectral Imaging Technique for the Detection of Chilling Injury in Cucumbers: Part I. Spectral Analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Wang, C.Y., Chan, D.E., Kim, M.S. 2005. Development of hyperspectral imaging technique for the detection of chilling injury in cucumbers: Part I. Spectral Analysis. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 22:101-111.
Two-Color Mixing for Classifying Agricultural Products for Safety and Quality - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ding, F., Chen, Y.R., Chao, K., Chan, D.E. 2006. Two-color mixing for classifying agricultural products for safety and quality. Applied Optics. 45(4):668-677.
Characterizing Wholesome and Unwholesome Chickens by Cieluv Color Difference - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Ding, F., Chan, D. E. 2005. Characterizing wholesome and unwholesome chickens by CIELUV color diffference. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 21(4):653-659.
Development of Simple Algorithm for the Detection of Chilling Injury in Cucumbers from Visible/near Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Liu, Y., Chen, Y.R., Wang, C.Y., Chan, D.E., Kim, M.S. 2005. Development of simple algorithm for the detection of chilling injury in cucumbers from visible/near infrared hyperspectral imaging. Applied Spectroscopy. 59:136-143.
Development of Hyperspectral Imaging Technique for the Detection of Chilling Injury in Cucumbers: Part Ii. Image Analysis - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (20-Sep-04)
Characterizing Wholesome and Unwholesome Chickens by Cieluv Color Difference - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Ding, F., Chan, D.E. 2004. Characterizing wholesome and unwholesome chickens by cieluv color difference. ASAE Annual International Meeting. ASAE Paper No. 043101.
A Spectroscopic System for High-Speed Inspection of Poultry Carcasses - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Chan, D.E., 2004. A spectroscopic system for high-speed inspection of poultry carcasses. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 20(5):683-690.
Spectroscopic Detection of Abnormality in Chicken Liver As An Inspection Tool - (Proceedings)
Dey, B.P., Chan, D.E., Chen, Y.R., Gwozdz, F.B. 2003. Spectroscopic detection of abnormality in chicken liver as an inspection tool. SPIE Proceedings entitled: Monitoring Food, Safety, Agriculture, and Plant Health. 5271:43-50.
Analysis of Vis/nir Spectral Variations of Wholesome and Unwholesome Chicken Meat - (Proceedings)
Chao, K., Chen, Y.R., Chan, D.E., Kang, S. 2003. Analysis of vis/nir spectral variations of wholesome and unwholesome chicken meat. ASAE Annual International Meeting. 19(4): 453-458.
Analysis of Vis/nir Spectral Variations of Wholesome, Septicemia, and Cadaver Chicken Samples - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
CHAO, K., CHEN, Y.R., CHAN, D.E. ANALYSIS OF VIS/NIR SPECTRAL VARIATIONS OF WHOLESOME, SEPTICEMIA, AND CADAVER CHICKEN SAMPLES. APPLIED ENGINEERING IN AGRICULTURE. 2003.
Detection of Septicemia in Chicken Livers by Spectroscopy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
DEY, B.P., CHEN, Y.R., HSIEH, C., CHAN, D.E. DETECTION OF SEPTICEMIA IN CHICKEN LIVERS BY SPECTROSCOPY. POULTRY SCIENCE. 82:199-206. 2003.
Multispectral Detection of Fecal Contamination on Apples Based on Hyperspectral Imagery - Part Ii: Application of Hyperspectral Fluorescence Imaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kim, M.S., Lefcourt, A.M., Chen, Y.R., Kim, I., Chan, D.E., Chao, K. 2002. Multispectral detection of fecal contamination on apples based on hyperspectral imagery - part ii: application of hyperspectral fluorescence imaging. Transactions of the ASAE. 46(2):2039-2047.
Multispectral Detection of Fecal Contamination on Apples Based on Hyperspectral Imagery - Part I: Application of Visible-Near Infrared Reflectance Imaging - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
KIM, M.S., CHAO, K., CHEN, Y.R., CHAN, D.E., KIM, I., LEFCOURT, A.M. MULTISPECTRAL DETECTION OF FECAL CONTAMINATION ON APPLES BASED ON HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY - PART I: APPLICATION OF VISIBLE-NEAR INFRARED REFLECTANCE IMAGING. TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS. 2002.
Separating Septicemic and Normal Chicken Livers by Visible/near Infrared Spectroscopy and Back-Propagation Neural Networks - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
HSIEH, C., CHEN, Y.R., DEY, B.P., CHAN, D.E. SEPARATING SEPTICEMIC AND NORMAL CHICKEN LIVERS BY VISIBLE/NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY AND BACK-PROPAGATION NEURAL NETWORKS. TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS. 45(2):459-469. 2002.
Hyperspectral Imaging System for Food Safety: Detection of Fecal Contamination on Apples - (Proceedings) - (28-Dec-00)
Last Modified: 10/25/2014