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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Walter W Mulbry
Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory
Microbiologist

Phone: (301) 504-6417
Fax: (301) 504-8162
Room 245
10300 BALTIMORE AVENUE
BLDG 001 BARC-WEST
BELTSVILLE, MD, 20705-2350

Projects
BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF MANURE AND ORGANIC RESIDUALS TO CAPTURE NUTRIENTS AND TRANSFORM CONTAMINANTS
Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 420063
Performance and Optimization of Small-Scale Digesters for Energy Production and Treatment of Livestock Wastewater
Specific Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 425157

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Nutrient removal of agricultural drainage water using algal turf scrubbers and solar power - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kangas, P., Mulbry III, W.W. 2013. Nutrient removal of agricultural drainage water using algal turf scrubbers and solar power. Bioresource Technology. 152:484-489.
Autonomous benthic algal cultivator under feedback control of ecosystem metabolism Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Blersch, D., Kangas, P., Mulbry III, W.W. 2013. Autonomous benthic algal cultivator under feedback control of ecosystem metabolism. Environmental Engineering Science. 60:53-60.
Economic analysis of small-scale agricultural digesters in the United States Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Klavon, K., Lansing, S., Moss, A., Mulbry III, W.W., Felton, G. 2013. Economic analysis of small-scale agricultural digesters in the United States. Biomass and Bioenergy. 54:36-45.
Turbulence and nutrient interactions that control benthic algal production in an engineered cultivation raceway Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Blersch, D., Kangas, P., Mulbry III, W.W. 2013. Turbulence and nutrient interactions that control benthic algal production in an engineered cultivation raceway. Algal Research. 2:107-112.
Use of an algal hydrolysate to improve enzymatic hydrolysis of anaerobically digested fiber Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chen, R., Yuea, Z., Deitza, L., Liu, Y., Mulbry III, W.W., Liao, W. 2012. Use of an algal hydrolysate to improve enzymatic hydrolysis of anaerobically digested fiber. Bioresource Technology. 108:149-154.
A pH-based method for measuring gaseous ammonia - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hafner, S.D., Meisinger, J.J., Mulbry III, W.W., Ingram, S.K. 2012. A pH-based method for measuring gaseous ammonia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 92(2):195-205.
Use of Mid- and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy to Track Degradation of Polyactide Eating Utensils and Containers During Composting Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Reeves III, J.B., Millner, P.D. 2012. Use of Mid- and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy to Track Degradation of Polyactide Eating Utensils and Containers During Composting. Internet Journal of Vibrational Spectroscopy. 109:93-97.
Near- and mid-infrared spectroscopic determination of algal composition Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry, III, W.W., Reeves, III, J.B., Liu, Y., Zhen, R., Liao, W. 2012. Near- and mid-infrared spectroscopic determination of algal composition. Journal of Applied Phycology. 24:1261-1267.
Pathogen reduction in minimally managed composting of bovine manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (06-Jul-11)
Algal turf scrubbing: cleaning surface waters with solar energy while producing a biofuel Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Adey, W., Kangas, P., Mulbry Iii, W.W. 2011. Algal turf scrubbing: cleaning surface waters with solar energy while producing a biofuel. Bioscience. 61:434-441.
Biodegradability of injection molded bioplastics containing polylactic acid and poultry feather fiber Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ahn, H., Smith, M.C., Schmidt, W.F., Huda, M.S., Reeves III, J.B., Mulbry III, W.W. 2011. Biodegradability of injection molded bioplastics containing polylactic acid and poultry feather fiber. Bioresource Technology. 102:4930-4933.
Pile mixing increases greenhouse gas emissions during composting of dairy manure Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ahn, H., Mulbry III, W.W., White, J.W., Ingram, S.K. 2010. Pile mixing increases greenhouse gas emissions during composting of dairy manure. Bioresource Technology. 102:2904-2909.
Scrubbing the Bay: Nutrient Removal Using Small Algal Turf Scrubbers on Chesapeake Bay Tributaries Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Kangas, P., Ingram, S.K. 2010. Scrubbing the Bay: Nutrient Removal Using Small Algal Turf Scrubbers on Chesapeake Bay Tributaries. Ecological Engineering. 36:536-541.
Extraction of fatty acids from dried freshwater algae using accelerated solvent extraction Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Ingram, S.K., Buyer, J.S., Luthria, D.L. 2009. Extraction of fatty acids from dried freshwater algae using accelerated solvent extraction. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 86:909-915.
Reduction of Chlortetracycline Residues in Manure from Therapeutically-Treated Beef Calves - (Abstract Only)
Arikan, O., Mulbry III, W.W., Rice, C. 2008. Reduction of Chlortetracycline Residues in Manure from Therapeutically-Treated Beef Calves. Meeting Abstract.
Management of Antibiotic Residues from Agricultural Sources: Use of Composting to Reduce Chlortetracycline Residues in Beef Manure from Treated Animals Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arikan, O., Mulbry III, W.W., Rice, C. 2008. Management of Antibiotic Residues from Agricultural Sources: Use of Composting to Reduce Chlortetracycline Residues in Beef Manure from Treated Animals. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 164:483-489.
Treatment of Dairy Manure Effluent Using Freshwater Algae in Outdoor Pilot-Scale Raceways: Algal Production and Nutrient Recovery Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Kondrad, S.L., Pizarro, C., Westhead, E.K. 2008. Treatment of Dairy Manure Effluent Using Freshwater Algae in Outdoor Pilot-Scale Raceways: Algal Production and Nutrient Recovery. Bioresource Technology. 99:8137-8142.
Minimally Managed Composting of Beef Manure at the Pilot Scale: Effects of Manure Pile Construction on Pile Temperature Profiles and the Fate of Oxytetracycline and Chlorotetracycline Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arikan, O., Mulbry III, W.W., Ingram, D.T., Millner, P.D. 2009. Minimally Managed Composting of Beef Manure at the Pilot Scale: Effect of Manure Pile Construction on Pile Temperature Profiles and the Fate of Oxytetracycline and Chlorotetracycline. Bioresource Technology. 100:4447-4453.
Treatment of Dairy and Swine Manure Effluents Using Freshwater Algae: Fatty Acid Content and Composition of Algal Biomass at Different Manure Loading Rates Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Ingram, S.K., Buyer, J.S. 2008. Treatment of Dairy and Swine Manure Effluents Using Freshwater Algae: Fatty Acid Content and Composition of Algal Biomass at Different Manure Loading Rates. Journal of Applied Phycology. 20:1079-1085.
Biofertilizers from Algal Treatment of Dairy and Swine Manure Effluents: Characterization of Algal Biomass as a Slow Release Fertilizer Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry III, W.W., Kondrad, S.L., Pizarro, C. 2007. Biofertilizers from Algal Treatment of Dairy and Swine Manure Effluents: Characterization of Algal Biomass as a Slow Release Fertilizer. Journal of Vegetable Science. 12(4):107-125.
The Fate and Effect of Oxytetracycline During the Anaerobic Digestion of Manure from Therapeutically Treated Calves Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arikan, O.A., Sikora, L.J., Mulbry III, W.W., Khan, S.U., Rice, C. 2006. The fate and effect of oxytetracycline during the anaerobic digestion of manure from therapeutically treated calves. Process Biochemistry. 41:1637-1643.
Effect of Loading Rate on Lipid Production from Microalgae Grown on Dairy Manure Effluent - (Abstract Only)
Mulbry Iii, W.W., Wen, Z. 2006. Effect of loading rate on lipid production from microalgae grown on dairy manure effluent. Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Symposium Proceedings.
An Economic Assessment of Algal Turf Scrubber Technology for Treatment of Dairy Manure Effluent Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pizarro, C.X., Mulbry III, W.W., Blersch, D., Kangas, P. 2006. An economic assessment of algal turf scrubber technology for treatment of dairy wastewater. Ecological Engineering. 26:321-327.
Composting Rapidly Reduces Levels of Extractable Oxytetracycline in Manure from Therapeutically Treated Beef Calves Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arikan, O.A., Sikora, L.J., Mulbry III, W.W., Khan, S.U., Foster, G.D. 2005. Composting rapidly reduces levels of extractable oxytetracycline in manure from therapeutically treated beef calves. Bioresource Technology. 98:169-175.
Treatment of Swine Manure Effluent Using Freshwater Algae: Production, Nutrient Recovery, and Elemental Composition of Algal Biomass at Four Manure Loading Rates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Westhead, E., Pizarro, C.X., Mulbry III, W.W. 2006. Treatment of swine manure effluent using freshwater algae: production, nutrient recovery, and elemental composition of algal biomass at four effluent loading rates. Journal of Applied Phycology. 18:41-46.
Treatment of Dairy Manure Effluent Using Freshwater Algae: Elemental Composition of Algal Biomass at Different Manure Loading Rates - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry, W.W., Westhead, E.K., Pizarro, C.X., Wilkie, A. 2004. Treatment of dairy manure effluent using freshwater algae: elemental composition of algal biomass at different manure loading rates. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52:7293-7296.
Emergy of Algae Revisited: Comparisons of Algal-Based Wastewater Treatment Systems - (Proceedings)
Blersch, D., Mulbry III, W.W., Kangas, P. 2005. Emergy of algae revisited: comparisons of algal-based wastewater treatment systems. Meeting Abstract. pp 435-444.
Recycling of Manure Nutrients: Use of Algal Biomass from Dairy Manure Treatment As a Slow Release Fertilizer - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mulbry, W.W., Westhead, E.K., Pizarro, C.X., Sikora, L.J. 2005. Recycling of manure nutrients: use of algal biomass from dairy manure treatment as a slow release fertilizer. Bioresource Technology. 96:451-458.
Production and Nutrient Removal by Periphyton Grown in Dairy Manure - (Abstract Only)
Westhead, E.K., Pizarro, C.X., Mulbry Iii, W.W., Wilkie, A. 2003. Production and nutrient removal by periphyton grown in dairy manure [abstract]. Journal of Phycology. 39:1275-1282.
Production and Nutrient Removal by Periphyton Grown under Different Loading Rates of Anaerobically Digested Dairy Manure. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
WESTHEAD, E.K., PIZARRO, C.X., MULBRY III, W.W., WILKIE, A.C. PRODUCTION AND NUTRIENT REMOVAL BY PERIPHYTON GROWN UNDER DIFFERENT LOADING RATES OF ANAEROBICALLY DIGESTED DAIRY MANURE.. JOURNAL OF PHYCOLOGY. 2003.
Recycling of Manure Nutrients: Use of Dried Algae As An Organic Fertilizer - (Abstract Only)
WESTHEAD, E.K., PIZARRO, C.X., MULBRY III, W.W., SIKORA, L.J. RECYCLING OF MANURE NUTRIENTS: USE OF DRIED ALGAE AS AN ORGANIC FERTILIZER. American Ecological Engineering Society Conference. 2003.
Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal Rates, and Nitrification Within Algal Turf Scrubbers Grown on Dairy Manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Westhead, E.K., Pizarro, C.X., Mulbry Iii, W.W., Wilkie, A. 2002. Nitrogen and phosphorus removal rates, and nitrification within algal turf scrubbers grown on dairy manure. Journal of Applied Phycology.
Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal Rates of Small Algal Turfs Grown on Dairy Manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PIZARRO, C.X., WESTHEAD, E.K., MULBRY III, W.W. NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL RATES OF SMALL ALGAL TURFS GROWN ON DAIRY MANURE. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY. 2002.
Enhanced-Rate Biodegradation of Organophosphate Neurotoxins by Immobilized Non-Growing Bacteria - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
KIM, J., RAININA, E.I., MULBRY III, W.W., ENGLER, C.R., WILD, J.R. ENHANCED-RATE BIODEGRADATION OF ORGANOPHOSPHATE NEUROTOXINS BY IMMOBILIZED NON-GROWING BACTERIA. BIOTECHNOLOGY PROGRESS. 2002.
Treatment of Dairy Manure Using Benthic Algae - (Abstract Only) - (28-Jan-02)
Recovery of Dairy Manure Nutrients by Benthic Freshwater Algae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
WILKIE, A., MULBRY III, W.W. RECOVERY OF DAIRY MANURE NUTRIENTS BY BENTHIC FRESHWATER ALGAE. BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY. 2002.
The Atrazine Hydrolase Gene Trzn from Nocardiodes Sp. C190: Cloning and Construction of Gene-Specific Primers - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
MULBRY III, W.W., ZHUG, H., NOUR, S.M., TOPP, E. THE ATRAZINE HYDROLASE GENE TRZN FROM NOCARDIODES SP. C190: CLONING AND CONSTRUCTION OF GENE-SPECIFIC PRIMERS. FEDERATION OF EUROPEAN MICROBIOLOGICAL SOCIETIES MICROBIOL LETTERS. 2002.
Effect of Loading Rates on Nitrogen Removal Efficiency and Nitrification Within Algal Turf Scrubbers - (Abstract Only) - (18-Jun-01)
Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal Rates Within Subunits of Algal Turf Scrubbers Grown on Dairy Manure - (Abstract Only) - (18-Jun-01)
Development of Algal Turf Scrubbers to Treat Dairy Manure - (Abstract Only) - (15-Mar-01)
Use of Algal Turf Scrubbers to Treat Dairy Manure - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (27-Feb-01)
Taxon Specific Oligonucleotide Primers for Detection of Two Ancient Endomycorrhizal Fungi, Glomus Occultum and Glomus Brasilianum - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (31-Jan-01)
Mutagenesis of Organophosphorus Hydrolase to Enhance Hydrolysis of the Nerve Agent Vx - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (01-Dec-00)
Characterization of a Novel Organophosphorus Hydrolase from Nocardiodes Simplex Nrrl B-24074 - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (29-Oct-00)
A Taxon Specific Oligonucleotide Probe for Glomus Etunicatum - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (18-Oct-00)
Biodegradation of Chemical Warfare Agents - (Review Article) - (15-Nov-99)
Indole-3-Acetyl-L-Aspartic Acid Hydrolase Gene from Enterobacter Agglomerans: Molecular Cloning, Nucleotide Analysis, and Gene Expression Inescherichia Coli - (Peer Reviewed Journal) - (30-Mar-98)
ARS News Articles
Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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