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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research » People » Joseph Albano

Joseph P Albano

Research Horticulturist

Joseph Albano, Ph.D
Research Horticulturist

U. S. Horticultural Research Laboratory
2001 South Rock Road
Fort Pierce, FL 34945
Telephone: (772) 462-5939
Fax: (772) 462-5986

Current Research Projects:

The overall objectives of Dr. Albano's research is to develop basic and applied knowledge through independent and collaborative research on improved management practices and production systems for reducing nutrient and agrichemical contamination of water resources; developing and incorporating novel water treatment technologies to contend with contaminated runoff water; utilization of byproducts of such systems as value-added feedstock for use in crop production; and creating more environmentally friendly fertilizers. Specific objectives are to investigate the interactions of plants, substrates, water treatment systems, and production practices as they relate to sustainable production as influenced by the nutrient release rate and formulation of fertilizers; water and nutrient holding capacities of substrates; water and nutrient requirements of crops; irrigation water quality; plant and substrate chemical and physical properties; environmental conditions; and plant species. Of particular significance are studies on developing algal-based potting substrates that conform to industry standards (Fig. 1), and the identification and testing of "green" biodegradable aminopolycarboxylic acid (APCA) complexones as micronutrient metal chelating agents (Fig. 2).

Solutions Color Differences

Results from the research will provide new knowledge on nutrient and water management. Team research will lead to modifications of existing cropping systems that address all aspects of fertilization, substrates, irrigation, and degraded water remediation. Practical outcomes from research results will be transferred to industry to ensure safe, sustainable, environmentally compatible, and profitable production of horticultural commodities. Successful achievement of research objectives will impact water resource management, ecology, horticulture, plant physiology, and soil science. Significant progress will reduce groundwater and surface water contamination; provide growers with site-specific prescription control measures for water treatment and crop production; and improve fertilizers and potting substrates.


Albano, J. P., Miller W. B., and Halbrooks, M. C. 1996. Iron toxicity stress causes Bronze Speckle, a specific physiological disorder of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science. 121:430-437.

Albano, J. P. and Miller, W. B. 1996. Iron deficiency stress influences physiology of iron acquisition in marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science. 121:438-441.

Albano, J. P. and Miller W. B. 1998. Marigold cultivars vary in susceptibility to iron toxicity. HortScience. 33:1180-1182.

Albano, J. P. and Miller, W. B. 2001. Photodegradation of FeDTPA in nutrient solutions. I. Effects of irradiance, wavelength, and temperature. HortScience. 36:313-316.

Albano, J. P. and Miller, W. B. 2001. Photodegradation of FeDTPA in nutrient solutions. II. Effects on root physiology and foliar Fe and Mn levels in marigold. HortScience. 36:317-320.

Albano,J. P. and Miller W. B. 2001. Ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (FeEDTA) photodegradation in commercially produced soluble fertilizers. HortTechnology. 11:265-267.

Rosskopf, E.N., Albano, J. P., and Lamb, E.M. 2002. Screening of biorationals for control of Phytophthora capsici. Phytopathology. 92:S71.

Albano, J.P. and Miller, W.B. 2003. Ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (FeEDTA) in a commercially produced soluble fertilizer affects iron uptake in tomato. HortTechnology. 13(2):289-292. 

Wilson, S.B., Wilson, P.C., and Albano, J.P. 2004. Growth and development of the native Ruellia caroliniensis and invasive Ruellia tweediana. HortScience. 39:1015-1019.

Owen, J., Warren, S., Bilderback, T., and Albano, J.P. 2004. Finding the balance: calcined clay rate effects in pine bark substrates. HortScience. 49:73-76.

Wilson, C., Strimple, S.P., Wilson, S., and Albano, J.P. 2005. Non-target deposition of methiocarb applied to a foliage plant staging area. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 74:509-517. 

McKenzie, C. L., Sinisterra, X. H., Powell C.A., Bausher M., Albano, J. P., Shatters, Jr., R. G. 2005. Deciphering changes in plant physiological response to whitefly feeding using microarray technology. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 695:347-352.

Bilderback, T., Warren, S., Owen, J., and Albano, J.P. 2005. Healthy substrates need physicals too. HortTechnology 15:747-751.

Million, J., Yeager, T., Bryant, H., Larsen, C., Shook, J., and Albano, J. 2005. Effects of slope and underlay on surface runoff of irrigation from woven polypropylene groundcloth. HortTechnology. 15(4):772-776.

Merhaut, D.J., Blythe, E.K., Newman, J.P., and Albano, J.P. 2006. Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in acid substrate in greenhouse environment: I. Leachate electrical conductivity, pH, and nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium concentrations. HortScience. 41(3):780-787.

Blythe, E.K., Newman, J.P., and Albano, J.P., Merhaut, D.J. 2006. Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in acid substrate in greenhouse environment:II. Leachate calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, and molybdenum concentrations. HortScience. 41(3):788-793.

Newman, J., Albano, J. P., Merhaut, D., and Blythe, E. 2006. Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in neutral-pH substrate in an outdoor environment: I. Leachate electrical conductivity, pH, and nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium concentrations. HortScience. 41(7):1674-1682.

Albano, J. P., Merhaut, D., Blythe, E., and Newman, J. 2006. Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in acid substrate in a greenhouse environment: II. Leachate calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, and molybdenum concentrations. HortScience. 41(7):1683-1689.

Owen, J.S. Jr., Albano, J.P., Warren, S.L., Bilderback, T.E., Fare, D.C., Klaine, S.J., Whitwell, T., Wilson, P.C., Yeager, T.H., and Catanzaro, C. 2006. Environmental resource management for horticulture crop production, water quality protection, and water conservation. American Phytopathological Society. Phytopathology 96:S147.

Ables, C., Rosskopf, E.N., Shah, D., Albano, J.P. 2007. Effect of fertilization, biopesticides, and biorationals on the infection of catharanthus roseus by phytophthora nicotianae. Plant Disease. 91:1477-1483.

Owen, Jr., J.S., Stuart, W., Bilderback, T., Albano, J.P. 2007. Industrial Mineral Aggregate Amendment Affects Physical and Chemical Properties of Pine Bark Substrates. HortScience. 42(5):1287-1294. 

Iriarte, F.B., Rosskopf, E.N., Hilf, M.E., Mccollum, T.G., Albano, J.P., Adkins, S.T. 2007. First Report of Macrophomina phaseolina Causing Leaf and Stem Blight of Tropical Soda Apple in Florida. Plant Health Progress. doi:10.1094/PHP-2007-1115-01-BR.

Million, J., Yeager, T., and Albano, J. 2007. Effects of container spacing practice and fertilizer placement on runoff from overhead irrigated sweet viburnum. Journal of Environmental Horticulture. 25(2):61-72.

Yao-Chien, A., Albano, J.P., Miller, W.B. 2008. Oriental hybrid lily cultivars vary in susceptibility to upper leaf necrosis. Acta Horticulturae. International Society for Horticultural Science. 766:433-440. (International Research Project)

Owen, Jr., J., Warren, S., Bilderback, T., Albano, J.P. 2008. Phosphorus Rate, Leaching Fraction, and Substrate Influence on Influent Quantity, Effluent Nutrient Content, and Response of a Containerized Woody Ornamental Crop.. HortScience. 43(3):906-912.

Glaz, B.S., Reed, S.T., Albano, J.P. 2008. Sugarcane Response to Nitrogen Fertilization on a Histosol with shallow Water Table and Periodic Flooding. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 194:369-379.

Owen, J., Warren, S., Bilderback, T., Albano, J.P. 2009. Using a Mineral Aggregate to Supply Phosphorous and Potassium for Containerized Crop Production. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS).819:311-316.

Overholt, W., Markle, L., Rosskopf, E.N., Manrique, V., Albano, J.P., Cave, E., Adkins, S.T. 2009. The interactions of Tropical soda apple mosaic tobamovirus and Gratiana boliviana  (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), an introduced biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). Biological Control. 48:294-300.

McKenzie, C.L., Albano, J.P. 2009. The effect of time of sweetpotato whitefly infestation on plant nutrition and development of tomato irregular ripening disorder. Horticulture Technology. 19(2):353-359.

Sigua, G.C., Coleman, S.W., Albano, J.P. 2009. Quantifying Soil Organic Carbon in Forage-Based Cow-Calf Congregation-Grazing Zone Interface. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems Journal. DOI 10.1007/s10705-009-9260-0.

Sigua, G.C., Coleman, S.W., Albano, J.P. 2009. Beef Cattle Pasture to Wetland Reconversion: Impact on Soil Organic Carbon and Phosphorus Dynamics. Ecological Engineering. 35: 1231-1236.

Wilson, C., Albano, J.P., Mozden, M., Riiska, C. 2010. Irrigation Water and Nitrate Loss Characterization in South Florida Nurseries: Cumulative Volumes, Runoff Rates, NO3-N Concentrations and Loadings, and Implications for Management. HortTechnology. 20:325-330.

Prehn, A., Owen, J., Warren, S., Bilderback, T., Albano, J.P. 2010. Comparison of Water Management in Container-Grown Nursery Crops using Leaching Fraction or Weight-Based On Demand Irrigation Control. Journal of Environmental Horticulture. 28:117-123.

Hawkins, S.A., Park, B., Poole, G.H., Gottwald, T.R., Windham, W.R., Albano, J.P., Lawrence, K.C. 2010. Comparison of FTIR Spectra between Huanglongbing (Citrus Greening) and other Citrus Maladies. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.v58, p6007-6010.

Sigua, G.C., Coleman, S.W., Albano, J.P., Williams, M.J. 2010. Spatial Distribution of Soil Phosphorus and Herbage Mass in Beef Cattle Pastures: Effects of Slope Aspect and Slope Position . Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. On-line at: DOI 10.1007/S10705-0/0-9376-2.

Burelle, N.K., Rosskopf , E.N., Albano, J.P., Holzinger, J. 2010. Effects of Midas? on Nematodes in Commercial Floriculture Production in Florida. Journal of Nematology. 42: 17-21.

Sigua, G.C., Myer, R.O., Coleman, S.W., Mackowiak, C., Adjei, M., Chase, C.C., and Albano, J.P. 2011. Regional distribution of soil phosphorous across congregation-grazing zones of forage-based pastures with cow-calf operations in Florida. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2:408-417.

Wilson, C., Albano, J.P. 2011. Impact of Fertigation versus Slow Release Fertilizer Formulations on Nitrate Enrichment of Nursery Drainage Water. HortTechnology. 21:176-180.

Albano, J.P. 2011. Iron-[S, S']-EDDS (FeEDDS) chelate as an Fe source for horticultural crop production: marigold growth and nutrition, spectral properties, and photodegradation. HortScience. 46:1148-1153.

White, S.A., Taylor, M.D., Albano, J.P., Whitwell, T, and Klaine, S.J. 2011. Phosphorous retention in lab and field-scale subsurface-flow wetlands treating plant nursery runoff. Ecological Engineering. 37:1968-1976.

Million, J.B., Ritchie, J.T., Yeager, T.H., Larsen, C.A., Warner, C.D., Albano, J.P. 2011. CCROP-Simulation model for container-grown nursery plant production. Scientia Horticulturae: 130:874-886.

Butler, D., Rosskopf, E. Burelle, N., Albano J., and Muramoto, J. Exploring warm-season cover crops as carbon sources for anaerobic soil disinfestations (ASD). Plant and Soil. 2011. (accepted 10/10/11).

Albano, J.P. 2012. Extraction of micronutrient metals from peat-based media using chelate-ligand and iron-source extractants. HortScience. 47:

Albano, J.P. and Merhaut, D. 2012. Influence of FeEDDS, FeEDTA, FeDTPA, FeEDDHA, and FeSO4 on marigold growth and nutrition, and substrate and runoff chemistry. HortScience. 47: