Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Docs » USHRL Research Publications on Citrus Greening

USHRL Research Publications on Citrus Greening
headline bar

USDA-ARS Publications from the U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory on the Asian Citrus Psyllid and Huanglongbing Disease


The citrus industry in the United States is being jeopardized by huanglongbing disease, also known as citrus greening or yellow shoot disease. The psyllid was first found in Florida during June 1998 and is now established throughout the state's citrus-growing region.   Huanglongbing was found in southern Florida during late August 2005 and has since been detected at many locations across the citrus growing region .   The psyllid was found in Texas during 2001 and in Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana during 2008.  During 2008, the psyllid spread across Mexico and, in September, invaded southern California.   During 2009, huanglongbing was found in South Carolina.  Huanglongbing was found in California and Texas during 2012.

A number of USDA-ARS scientists among the three research units at the U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory in Fort Pierce, Florida, are conducting research in search of solutions to the huanglongbing problem.   Presented here is a partial list of pertinent, refereed research papers published by scientists from each of the three research units.   Many of these publications were the result of collaborations with USDA-ARS scientists at other locations and scientists with other institutions such as the University of Florida and Florida Department of Agriculture.



Plant Pathology Publications 

Horticulture and Plant Breeding Publications 

Entomology Publications

Citrus Subtropical Products Publications

Subtropical Plant Pathology Publications:

Bassanezi, R.B., Yamamoto, P.T., Gimenes-Fernandes, N., Montesino L.H., Tersi F.E.A., Sperandio P.H., Gottwald, T.R., Bergamin Filho A., Amorim L. 2008.  Effect of strategies for inoculum reduction and vector control on Huanglongbing progress. IRCHLB Proceedings, 12.5.

Benyon L.S., Zhou L.-J., Duan Y.-P, Powell C.A., and Gottwald T.R. 2008. Improved Detection of Low-titer, Non-lethal, Seed Transmitted CandidatusLiberibacter asiaticus in Citrus, Periwinkle and Dodder Using Nested PCR. IRCHLB Proceedings, 3.2.

Duan Y.-P., Zhou L.-J., Hall D., Li W.B., Lin H., Doddapaneni H., Liu L., Vahling, C.M., and Gottwald T.R. 2008. Genome Analysis of CandidatusLiberibacter asiaticus Reveals Unique Features for Designing HLB Control Strategies. IRCHLB Proceedings, 4.7.

Duan Y.-P., L.J. Zhou, D. G. Hall, W. Li, H. Doddapaneni, H. Lin, L. Liu, D. Gabriel, C. Vahling, K. Williams, A. Dickerman, Y. Sun, and T. Gottwald. 2009.   Complete Genome Sequence of Citrus Huanglongbing Bacterium, ' CandidatusLiberibacter asiaticus' Obtained Through Metagenomics.Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions v.22(8), pp 1011-1020.

Fletcher, J., Luster, D., Bostock, R., Burans, J., Caldwell, K., Gottwald, T., McDaniel, L., Royer, M., and Smith, K. 2010. Emerging Infectious Plant Diseases, Ch18. In: Scheld, W.M. Emerging Infections 9. ASM Press. p. 337-366.

Gilligan C.A., Cunniffe N.J., Cook A.R., DeSimone R.E., and Gottwald T.R. 2008.  Use of mathematical models to inform control of an emerging epidemic. IRCHLB Proceedings, 10.4.

Gottwald T.R., B. Aubert and Z. X. Yuan. 1989.Preliminary Analysis of Citrus Greening Huanglungbin Epidemics in China and French Reunion Island Indian Ocean. Phytopathology 79: 687-693.


Gottwald T R., C.I. Gonzales, and B.G. Mercado. 1991.Analysis of the distribution of citrus greening in groves in the Philippines, pp. 414-420, Proceedings of the Eleventh IOCV Conference.


Gottwald, T.R., B. Aubert, and H.K. Long. 1991.Spatial pattern analysis of citrus greening in Shantou, China, pp. 421-427, Proceedings of the Eleventh IOCV Conference.  

Gottwald T.R. 2007.  Citrus Canker and Citrus Huanglongbing, two exotic bacterial diseases threatening the citrus industries of the western hemisphere.  Outlook on Pest Management. DOI: 10.1564/18oct00.

Gottwald T.R., Bergamin-Filho, A., Bassanezi R., Amorim L., Irey M., Zhao X., and Aubert B.  2007.  Concepts in Huanglongbing Epidemiology.  International Workshop for Prevention of Citrus Greening Disease in Severely Infected Areas.

Gottwald T.R., V. da Graca, John, Bassanezi, R. 2007.  Citrus Huanglongbing:  The pathogen and its impact.  Plant Management Network, 6 Sep 07.

Gottwald T.R., Taylor E., Irey M., Gast T., Bergamin-Filho A., Bassanezi R., Gilligan C., and Parnell S.  2008.  A Stochastic Spatiotemporal Analysis of the Contribution of Primary versus Secondary Spread of HLB.  IRCHLB Proceedings 10.2, Dec 2008.

Gottwald T.R., Irey M., Gast T.l., and Taylor E.  2008.  A Spatiotemporal Assessment of the Threat of an HLB positive Tree to its Neighbors.  IRCHLB Proceedings, 10.3.

Gottwald T.R., Irey M., and Gast T. 2008.  The Plantation Edge Effect of HLB - A Geostatistical Analysis.  IRCHLB Proceedings, 10.6.

Gottwald T.R., Irey M., Gast T., and Taylor E.  2009.  Using Survival Analysis for a Spatiotemporal Assessment of Two Citrus Pathosystems. IEW10.

Gottwald T.R., Parnell S., Taylor E., Pool K., Hodge J., Ford A., Therrien L., Mayo S., and Irey M. 2008.  Within-tree distribution of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.  IRCHLB Proceedings, 10.8.

Gottwald T.R., Irey, M., Gast, T., and Taylor, E. 2009. Using survival analysis for a spatiotemporal assessment of two citrus pathosystems. IEW10.

Gottwald T.R., Hall, D.G., Beattie, A.C., Ichinose, K., Nguyen, M.C., Le, Q.D., Bar-Joseph, M., Lapointe, S., Stover, E., Parker, P.E., McCollum, G., and Hilf, M.E. 2010. Investigations of the Effect of Guava as a Possible Tool in the Control/Management of Huanglongbing. Proceedings, 17th Conference IOCV.

Gottwald T.R., Irey, M.S., Gast, T., Parnell, S.R., Taylor, E.L., Hilf, M.E. 2010. Spatio-temporal Analysis of an HLB Epidemic in Florida and Implications for Spread. Proceedings, 17th Conference IOCV.

Gottwald T.R. 2010. Current Epidemiological Understanding of Citrus Huanglongbing. Annual Review Phytopathology 48:119-39.

Hawkins, S.A., Park, B., Poole, G.H., Gottwald, T.R., Windham, W.R., Albano, J., and Lawrence, K. 2010. Detection of Citrus Huanglongbing by Fourier Transform Infrared-Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy 64(1): 35-38.

Hawkins, S.A., Park, B., Poole, G.H., Gottwald, T.R., Windham, W.R., Albano, J., and Lawrence, K. 2010. Comparison of FTIR Spectra between Huanglongbing (Citrus Greening) and Other Citrus Maladies. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58(10):6007-6010. DOI: 10.1021/jf904249f.

Irey M., Gast T., and Gottwald T.R.  2006.  Comparison of Visual and Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay Testing to Estmate the Incidence of the Huanglongbing Pathogen in Commercial Florida Citrus.  Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 119: 99-93. 

Irey et al 2008.  Lessons Learned From a Comparison and Evaluation of Multiple HLB Testing Laboratories. IRCHLB Proceedings 3.1.

Irey et al 2008.  Is It Possible to Replant Young Groves In An Area With Endemic HLB-A Hierarchical Sampling Approach to determine Infection? IRCHLB Proceedings 2.7, Dec 2008. 

Matos, L.;  M. E. Hilf,; and J. Camejo. 2009. First Report of 'CandidatusLiberibacter asiaticus' Associated with Citrus Huanglongbing in the Dominican Republic. Plant Disease 93, 668.

Parnell S., Gottwald T. R., Irey M. S., and van den Bosch, F.  2008.   Estimating the Spatial Distribution of Huanglongbing From a Sample.  IRCHLB Proceedings,  10.7.

Parnell S., Gottwald T.R., Irey M., ven den Bosch, F.  2009.  Estimating the Spatial Distribution of a Plant Disease Epidemic From a Sample.  Proc. IEW10.

Parnell, S., Gottwald, T.R., Irey, M.S., Lou, W. and van den Bosch, F. 2011. A Stochastic Optimization Method to Estimate the Spatial Distribution of a Pathogen from a Sample. Phytopathology. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-11-10-0311.

Pitino M, Hoffman MT, Zhou L, Hall DG, Stocks IC, et al. (2014) The Phloem-Sap Feeding Mealybug (Ferrisia virgata) Carries 'Candidatus Liberibacterasiaticus' Populations That Do Not Cause Disease in Host Plants. PLoS ONE 9(1): e85503. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085503

Poole G., Windham W., Heitschmidt G., and Gottwald T.R.  2008.   Visible/Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Discrimination of HLB-Infected Citrus Leaves From Healthy Leaves.  IRCHLB Proceedings, 4.15.

Turechek, W.W., M. Irey, P. Sieburth, R. Brlansky, J. DaGraca, J.Graham, T. Gottwald, J. Hartung, M. Hilf, M. Kunta, K. Manjunath, H. Lin, C. Ramadugu, P. Roberts, M. Rogers, R. Shatters, X. Sun and N. Wang. 2009. Evaluation of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Assays for Detection of Citrus Greening. Pages 158-160 in "Proceedings of the 10th International Epidemiology Workshop, D.M. Gadoury, R.C. Seem, M.M. Moyer and W.E. Fry, eds. New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY.

Zhou L. J., Powell C. A., Gottwald T. R. and Duan Y.-P.  2008.  Genetic Diversity of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and Ca. L. Americanus Based on Sequence Variations of Their rRNA Operon.  IRCHLB Proceedings, 4.12.

Zhou L, Powell CA, Li W, Irey M, Duan Y (2013).  Prophage-Mediated Dynamics of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' Populations, the Destructive BacterialPathogens of Citrus Huanglongbing. PLoS ONE 8(12): e82248. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082248



Back to Top

Horticulture and Breeding Publications:

Baldwin, E.A., Manthey, J.A., McCollum, T.G., Plotto, A., and Irey, M.2008.  An update on the effect of HLB on orange juice flavor: chemical components. Int. Conf. on Huanglongbing, Orlando, FL (abstract).

Bowman, K.D., G. McCollum, R.  Niedz, E. Stover, U. Albrecht, and R. Stange.  2009.  Development of citrus cultivars resistant to Huanglongbing disease by transformation with AMP genes.  HortScience (abstract).

Castle, B., E. Stover, and P. Spyke.  2008.  Advanced grove designs and cultural systems and their implications for huanglongbing management - A Call to Action.  The Citrus Industry October 2008.

Morgan,K.T., A.W. Schumann, W.S. Castle, E.W. Stover, P. Spyke, F.M. Roka, R. Muraro, and A. Morris.  2009.  Citrus production systems to survive greening - horticultural practices.  Proc. Fl. State Hort. Soc. 121: xx-yy.

Plotto, A., McCollum, T.G., Baldwin, E.A., Manthey, J.A. and Irey, M.   2008.   An update on the effect of HLB on orange juice flavor: sensory evaluation.   Int. Conf. on Huanglongbing, Orlando, FL (abstract).

Plotto, A., McCollum, T.G., Baldwin, E.A., Manthey, J.A. and Irey, M.   2008.   An update on the effect of citrus greening on flavor and taste of orange juice.   Subtropical Tech. Conf. Proc. (abstract). 

Schaad, N., E. Schuenzel, A. Sechler, R. Shatters, and E. Stover.  2009.  Genetic diversity of CandidatusLiberibacter asiaticus strains from Florida compared to worldwide populations.  American Society of Plant Pathology (abstract).

Schaad, N., E. Schuenzel, A. Sechler, R. Shatters, and E. Stover.  2009.  Revisiting the taxonomy of Candidatus Liberibacter based on 16s rDNA sequencing from cultured and uncultured cells. American Society of Plant Pathology (abstract).


Stover, E. W. and T. G. McCollum.  2011.  Levels of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and Xanthomonas citri in diverse citrus genotypes and relevance to potential transmission from pollinations.  HortScience 46:  854-857.

Stover, E., T. Gottwald, D. Hall, M. Aradhya, F. Zee, and J. Crane. 2008.Guava SSR analysis:   Diversity assessment and similarity to accessions associated with reducing citrus greening in Vietnam. HortScience 43: 1119.  

Stover, E., W.S. Castle, and P. Spyke.  2008.  The citrus grove of the future and its implications for huanglongbing management.  Proc. Fl. State Hort. Soc. 121: 155-159.

Stover, E.W., T.G.McCollum, R.P. Niedz, and K.D. Bowman.  2008.  Citrus scion breeding at the USDA/ARS U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory.  Proceedings International Citrus Congress (accepted). 

Stover, E., K. Bowman, G. McCollum, and R. Niedz.  2008.  Transgenic Citrus for Resistance to Haunglongbing.  Plant and Animal Genome Meeting, San Diego, CA January 2009 (abstract).

Stover, E., K. Bowman, G. McCollum, and R. Niedz.  2008. Developing Transgenic Solutions for HLB Resistant Citrus at the US Horticulture Research Laboratory.  International HLB Conference, Orlando, FL, December 2008 (abstract).

Back to Top

Entomology Publications:



Ammar, E. D., R. G Shatters, Jr., and D. G. Hall. 2011. Localization of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, associated with citrus huanglongbing disease, in its psyllid vector using fluorescence in situ hybridization.  J. Phytopathol. Vol 159. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2011.01836.


Ammar, E.D., R. G. Shatters, Jr., C. Lynch, and D.G. Hall.  2011. Detection and relative tier of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in the salivary glands and alimentary canal of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), vector of citrus huanglongbing disease.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 104 (3): 526-533.


Ammar, E. D., and D. G. Hall.  2011. A new method for short-term rearing of citrus psyllids (Hemiptera:  Psyllidae) and for collecting their honeydew excretions.  Florida Entomol.  94:  340-342.


Ammar, E. D., and Hall, D. G. 2012. New and simple methods for studying Hemipteran stylets, bacteriomes and salivary sheaths in host plants.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 105(5):  731-739.


Ammar, E. D., A. J. Walter, and D. G. Hall.  2013.  A New excised-leaf assay method to test the inoculativity of the Asian citrus psyllid with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus associated with citrus huanglongbing disease.  J. Econ. Entomol. 106: 25-35.


Avery, P.B., Hunter, W.B., Hall, D.G., Jackson, M.A., Powell, C.A., Rogers, M.E. 2008. Investigations of the feasibility for managing the Asian citrus psyllid using Isaria fumosorosea.11.9, pg. 331. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Avery, P. B., W. B. Hunter, D. G. Hall, M. A. Jackson, M. E. Roger, and C. A. Powell. 2009.Novel delivery of the fungi Paecilomyces formosoroseus (Deuteromycotina:   Hyphomycetes) for managing the Asian citrus psyllid (Hemiptera:   Psyllidae).    Florida Entomologist (submitted)

Avery, P. B., W. B. Hunter, D. G. Hall, M. A. Jackson, C. A. Powell, and M. E. Rogers.  2009.  Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera:  Psyllidae) infection and dissemination of the entomopathogenic fungus Isaria fumosorosea(Hyposcreales: Cordycipitaceae) under laboratory conditions.  Fla. Entomol.  92(4):  608-618.

Barr, N., D. G. Hall, A. A. Weathersbee, R. Nguyen, P. Stansly, A. Qureshi and D. Flores.  2009.  Comparison of laboratory colonies and field populations of Tamarixia radiata, an ecto-parasitoid of the Asian citrus psyllid, using internal transcribed spacer and cytochrome oxidase subunit I DNA sequences.  J. Econ. Entomol. 102 (6): 2325-2332.

Bextine B.R., Swatsell C., Hunter W.B. 2008. Zebra complex and HLB: Seeking a common enemy? 4.2, pg 149-50. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Bextine B., Tufts D., Timmons C., Hunter W.B., Marutani-Hert M. 2008. Development of a potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli) cell culture. 6.11, pg. 244-45. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Bextine B.R., Gunawan S., Hunter W.B., Shatters R.G. 2008. Molecular approach for early detection of Candidatus Liberibacter species in Texas citrus.3.12, pg. 142-43. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Boykin, L. M., R. A. Bagnall, D. R. Frohlich, D. G. Hall, W. B. Hunter, C. S. Katsar, C. L. McKenzie, R. C. Rosell, and R. G. Shatters, Jr.   2007.Twelve polymorphic microsatellite loci from the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, the vector for citrus greening disease, huanglongbing. Molecular Ecology Notes 7:   1202-1204.

Flores, D., D. G. Hall, D. Jenkins, and M. Setamou.   2009.   Abundance of Asian citrus psyllid on yellow sticky traps in Florida, Puerto Rico, and Texas citrus groves.  Southw. Entomol.34(1): 1 - 11.


Hail, D., Hunter, W.B., Dowd, S.E., Bextine, B.R. 2010. Expressed Sequence Tag (EST) Survey of Life Stages of the Potato Psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli, using 454 Pyrosequencing. Southwestern Entomologist, 35(3):463-466.


Hall, D. G., and L. G. Albrigo. 2007.Estimating the relative abundance of flush shoots in citrus, with implications on monitoring insects associated with flush.HortScience 42: 364-368.


Hall, D. G., S. L. Lapointe, and E. J. Wenninger. 2007.Effects of a particle film on biology and behavior of Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Psyllidae) and its infestations in citrus.J. Econ. Entomol. 100: 847-854.


Hall, D. G., M. G. Hentz and M. A. Ciomperlik.   2007.   A comparison of traps and stem tap sampling for monitoring adult Asian citrus psyllid (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in citrus.  Fla. Entomol. 90:   327-334.


Hall, D. G., M. G. Hentz, and R. C. Adair. 2008.Population ecology and phenology of Diaphorina citri in two Florida citrus groves.Environmental Entomology 37: 914-924.


Hall, D. G., T. R. Gottwald, M. C. Nguyen, K. Ichinose, Q. D. Le, G. A. C. Beattie, and E. Stover. 2008.Greenhouse investigations on the effect of guava on infestations of Asian citrus psyllid in citrus. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 121: 104-109.


Hall, D. G. 2008. Biology, history and world status of Diaphorina citri, pp. 11, I Taller Internacional sobre Huanglongbing de los c?tricos (Candidatus Liberibacter spp) y el ps?lido asi?tico de los c?tricos (Diaphorina citri), Hermosilla, Sonora, Mexico, May 8.


Hall, D. G. 2008. Biological control of Diaphorina citri, pp. 7, I Taller Internacional sobre Huanglongbing de los c?tricos (Candidatus Liberibacter spp) y el ps?lido asi?tico de los c?tricos (Diaphorina citri), Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico, May 8. 


Hall, D. G. 2009.An Assessment of yellow sticky card traps as indicators of the relative abundance of adult Diaphorina citriin citrus. J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 446-452.


Hall, D. G., R. G. Shatters, J. E. Carpenter and J. P. Shapiro.  2010. Progress toward an artificial diet for adult Asian citrus psyllid.  Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer.  103:  611-617.


Hall, D. G., and M. G. Hentz. 2010.Sticky trap and stem-tap sampling protocols for the Asian citrus psyllid (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 541-549.


Hall, D. G. and R. Nguyen.  2010. Toxicity of pesticides to Tamarixia radiata, a parasitoid of the Asian citrus psyllid. BioControl. 55:  601-611.


Hall, D. G., M. S?tamou and R. F. Mizell.  2010. A comparison of sticky traps for monitoring Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri Kuwayama).  Crop Protection. 29:  1341-1346.


Hall, D. G., and M. G. Hentz.  2011. Seasonal flight activity by the Asian citrus psyllid in east central Florida.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata.  139: 75-85.


Hall, D. G., E. J. Wenninger and M. G. Hentz.  2011. Temperature studies with the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama:  cold hardiness and temperature thresholds for oviposition.  J. Insect Sci. vol. 11, article 83, 15 pp.


Hall, D.G., and T. R. Gottwald. 2011. Pest management practices aimed at curtailing citrus huanglongbing disease, Outlooks on Pest Management, 22(4), 189-192. DOI: 10.1564/22aug11.


Hall, D. G., and G. McCollum.  2011. Survival of adult Asian citrus psyllid on harvested citrus fruit and leaves.  Fla. Entomol.  94: 1094-1096.


Hall, D. G., M. G. Hentz, J. M. Meyer, and D. G. Boucias.  2012.  Observations on the entomopathogenic fungus Hirsutella citriformis attacking adult Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllid) in a managed citrus grove.  BioControl.  DOI 10.1007/s10526-012-9448-0.


Hall, D. G., E. D. Ammar, M. L. Richardson, and S. E. Halbert.  2013.  Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera:  Psyllidae), vector of citrus huanglongbing disease.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 146: 207-223.


Hunter, WB, Reese, J, Leng, N, Haudenschild, C, MacCarthy, J, Shatters, RG, Shelby, KS, Hall, DG. 2011. International Psyllid Genome Consortium-Bioinformatics. Draft assembly of the psyllid Diaphorina citri genome.  Downloads: Psyllid Genome assemblies: Diaci0.5 


Hunter, WB, Reese, J, Leng, N, Haudenschild, C, MacCarthy, J, Shatters, RG, Shelby, KS, Hall, DG. 2011.  International Psyllid Genome Consortium-Bioinformatics. Preliminary draft assembly of the psyllid Diaphorina citri genome. Downloads: Psyllid Genome assemblies:Diaci0.1


Hunter, WB, Reese, J, Leng, N, Haudenschild, C, MacCarthy, J, Shatters, RG, Shelby, KS, Hong, H, Hall, DG. 2011.  Asian citrus psyllid transcriptome assembly produced using Diaci0.5 genome assembly as a guide:  RNA reads from adult, egg and nymph tissues.  International Psyllid Genome Consortium-Bioinformatics. Diaci_transcriptome_0.1.


Hunter, WB, Reese, J, Leng, N, Haudenschild, C, MacCarthy, J, Shatters, RG,  Shelby, KS, Hong, H, Hall, DG. 2011.  De novo transcriptome assembly of Diaphorina citri, Asian citrus psyllid. Diaci_transcriptome_0.9, transcriptome assembly constructed using VELVET and OASES.  International Psyllid Genome Consortium-Bioinformatics.


Hunter W.B., Marutani-Hert M., Shelby K., Coudron T. 2008. Gene expression in midgut tissues of Diaphorina citri: Application to biology and vector control. 6.1, pg. 214-17.  IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Hunter W.B. and Shatters, Jr R.. 2008. FK506-Binding protein from Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae).6.7, pg. 228-32. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:


Hunter, WB, S. E. Dowd, C. S. Katsar, R.G. Shatters, Jr., C. L. McKenzie, and D. G.Hall. 2009. Psyllid biology: expressed genes in adult Asian citrus psyllids, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama.The Open Entomology Journal 3: 18-29. 

Marutani-Hert M., Hunter W.B., Dowd S. 2008. Endosymbiotic microbiota of Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri).6.6, pg. 224-27.  IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008: 

Marutani-Hert M., Hunter W.B., Shelby K.S. 2008. Asian citrus psyllid, genetic basis of immunity.6.9, pg. 238-41. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:

Marutani-Hert M., Hunter W.B., Hall D.G. 2008. Production of Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri)cell cultures.4.11, pg. 169-71. IRCHLB Proceedings Dec. 2008:


Marutani-Hert, M., W. B. Hunter, C. S. Katsar, X. H. Sinisterra, D. G. Hall, and C. A. Powell. 2009. Reovirus-like sequences isolated from adult Asian citrus psyllid, (Hemiptera: Psyllidae: Diaphorina citri).  Florida Entomologist 92:314-320.

Marutani-Hert, M., W. B. Hunter, and D. G. Hall. 2009. Establishment of Asian citrus psyllid(Diaphorina citri) primary cultures. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology 45: 317-320.


Marutani-Hert, M., W. B. Hunter and D. G. Hall.  2010.  Gene response to stress in the Asian citrus psyllid (Hemiptera:  Psyllidae).  Fla. Entomo. 93:  519-525.


Qureshi, J. A., M. E. Rogers, D. G. Hall, and P. A. Stansly. 2009.Incidence of invasive Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) and its introduced parasitoid Tamarixia radiata (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in Florida citrus.J. Econ. Entomol. 102: 247-256.


Richardson, M. L., and D. G. Hall.  2013. Resistance of Poncirus and Citrus x Poncirus germplasm to the Asian citrus psyllid.  Crop Science.  53: 183-188.


Rohrig, E. A., P. D. Shirk, D. G. Hall and P. A. Stansly. 2011. Larval development of Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Hymenoptera:  Encyrtidae), an endoparasitoid of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera:  Psyllidae).  Annals Entomol. Soc. America.  104:  50-58.


Rohrig, E. A., D. G. Hall and P. A. Stansly.  2012.  Field releases in Florida of Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an endoparasitoid of Diaphorina citri (Homoptera: Psyllidae) from mainland China. Florida Entomologist. 95 (2):  476-478.


Setamou, M., D. Flores, J. V. French, and D. G. Hall.   2008.   Dispersion patterns and sampling plans for Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in Citrus.  J. Econ. Entomol.   101: 1478-1487.


Weathersbee, A. A., III, and C. L. McKenzie. 2005.Effect of a neem biopesticide on repellency, mortality, oviposition, and development of Diaphorina citri(Homoptera : Psyllidae). Florida Entomologist 88: 401-407. 


Wenninger, E. J., and D. G. Hall. 2007.Daily timing of mating and age at reproductive maturity in Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Florida Entomologist 90: 715-722.


Wenninger, E. J., and D. G. Hall. 2008.Daily and seasonal patterns in abdominal color in Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101: 585-592.


Wenninger, Erik  J. and David G. Hall.  2008.  Importance of multiple mating to female reproductive output in Diaphorina citri.  Physiol. Entomol. 33:  316-321.


Wenninger, E. J., L. L. Stelinski, and D. G. Hall. 2008.Behavioral evidence for a female-produced sex attractant in Diaphorina citriKuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae).Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 128:   450-459.


Wenninger, E. J., D. G. Hall, and R. W. Mankin.   2009.   Vibrational communication between the sexes in Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Psyllidae).  Annals Entomol. Soc. America. 102:   547-555.


Wenninger, E. J., L. L. Stelinski, and D. G. Hall.   2009.   Relationships between adult abdominal color and reproductive potential in Diaphorina citri(Hemiptera: Psyllidae).  Annals Entomol. Soc. America. 102:   476-483.


Wenninger, E. J., L. L. Stelinski, and D. G. Hall.   2009.   The roles of olfactory cues, visual cues, and mating status in orientation of Diaphorina citriKuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) to four different host plants. Environ. Entomol. 38:   225-234.


Westbrook, C. J., D. G. Hall, E. W. Stover and Y. P. Duan.  2011. Colonization of Citrus and Citrus-related germplasm by Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae).  HortScience. 46 (7): 997-1005.


Citrus Subtropical Products Publications:


Baldwin, E., Plotto, A., Manthey, J., Mccollum, G., Bai, J., Irey, M., Cameron, R., Luzio, G. 2010. Effect of Liberibacter infection (Huanglongbing disease) of citrus on orange fruit physiology and fruit/fruit juice quality: chemical and physical analyses. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58:1247-1262.


Plotto, A., Baldwin, E.A., Mccollum, T.G., Narciso, J.A., Irey, M. 2008. Effect of early detection Huanglongbing on juice flavor and chemistry. Refereed Proceedings of Florida State Horticultural Society. 121:265-269.


Plotto, A., Baldwin, E., Mccollum, G., Manthey, J., Narciso, J., Irey, M. 2010. Effect of Liberibacter infection (Huanglongbing or "greening" disease) of citrus on orange juice flavor quality by sensory evaluation. Journal of Food Science. 75(4):S220-S230.


Back to TopBack to Sub Plant PathBack to Hort BreedingBack to Sub Insects