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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH) Publications


/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HOOPINGARNER, R., 1997.  Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in the United States that Express Resistance to Varroa jacobsoni (Mesostigmata: Varroidae).  Journal of Economic Entomology 90(4):893-898.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 1999.  Selecting Honey Bees for Resistance to Varroa jacobsoni.  Apidologie 30(2-3):183-196. 
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 1999.  Heritability in Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of Characteristics Associated with Resistance to Varroa jacobsoni Mesostigmata: Varroidae).  Journal of Economic Entomology  92(2):261-265.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., 1999.  The Value of Single-Drone Inseminations in Selective Breeding of Honey Bees.  Apiculture for the 21st Century 1:1-5.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J., HARBO, J., 2000.  Changes in Reproduction of Varroa destructor after Honey Bee Queens were exchanged between Resistant and Susceptible Colonies.  Apidologie 31(6):689-699.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 2001.  Resistance to Varroa destructor (Mesostigmata: Varroidae) When Mite-Resistant Queen Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Were Free-Mated with Unselected Drones.  Journal of Economic Entomology 94(6):1319-1323.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J., HARBO, J., 2001.  Natural and Suppressed Reproduction of Varroa Mites.  Bee Culture 129(5):34-38.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 2002.  Suppressing Mite Reproduction: SMR an Update.  Bee Culture 130(5):46-48.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 2003.  An Evaluation of Commercially Produced Queens that have the SMR Trait.  American Bee Journal 143(3):213-216.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J., HARRIS, J., 2005.  Suppressed Mite Reproduction Explained by the Behavior of Adult Bees.  Journal of Apicultural Research 44(1):21-23.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg Proceedings of the 2005 American Bee Research Conference (ABRC-18th).  American Bee Journal 145(5):428-435.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J., 2007.  Bees with Varroa Sensitive Hygiene preferentially remove mite infested pupae aged < five days post capping.    Journal of Apicultural Research 46(3):134-139.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J.  2008.  Effect of Brood Type on Varroa-Sensitive Hygiene by Worker Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(6):1137-1144.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARBO, J.R., HARRIS, J.W.  2009.  Responses to Varroa by honey bees with different levels of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene.  Journal of Apicultural Research 48(3):156-161.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg VILLA, J. D., DANKA, R. G., HARRIS, J.W.  2009.  Simplified methods of evaluating colonies for levels of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH).  Journal of Apicultural Research 48(3):162-167.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg WARD, K., DANKA, R., WARD, R.  2008.  Comparative performance of two mite-resistant stocks of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Alabama beekeeping operations.  Journal of Economic Entomology 101(3):654-659.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J.W., DANKA, R., VILLA, J. D.  2010.  Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) with the Trait of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene Remove Brood with all Reproductive Stages of Varroa Mites (Mesostigmata: Varroidae).  Annals of Entomological Society of America 103(2):146-152.
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DANKA, R. G., HARRIS, J.W., VILLA, J. D.  2010.  Hygienic response to Varroa destructor by commercial and feral honey bees from the Big Island of Hawaii before exposure to mites.  Science of Bee Culture 2(1):11-14, supplement to Bee Culture. 138(3).

/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg DANKA, R.G., HARRIS, J.W., VILLA, J.D.  2011  Expression of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH) in Commercial VSH Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).  Journal of Economic Entomology 104(3):745-749.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg DANKA, R.G., DE GUZMAN, L.I., RINDERER, T.E., SYLVESTER, H.A., WAGENER, C.M., BOURGEOIS, A.L., HARRIS, J.W., VILLA, J.D.  2012.  Functionality of Varroa-Resistant Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) when used in Migratory Beekeeping for Crop Pollination.  Journal of Economic Entomology 105(2):313-321.
/ARSUserFiles/60500500/images/PDF Icon.jpg HARRIS, J.W., DANKA, R.G., VILLA, J.D.  2012.  Changes in Infestation, Cell Cap Condition, and Reproductive Status of Varroa destructor  (Mesostigmata: Varroidae) in Brood Exposed to Honey Bees with Varroa Sensitive Hygiene.  Annals of Entomological Society of America 105(3):512-518.
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DANKA, R.G., HARRIS, J.W., VILLALOBOS, E., GLENN, T.  2012.  Varroa destructor resistance of honey bees in Hawaii, USA, with different genetic proportions of Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH).  Journal of Apicultural Research 51(3):  288-290.

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TSURUDA, J.M., HARRIS, J.W., BOURGEOIS, A.L., DANKA, R.G., HUNT, G.  2012.  High-Resolution linkage analyses to identify genes that influence Varroa Sensitive Hygiene Behavior in Honey Bees.  PLOS 7(11):1-8.

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DANKA, R.G., HARRIS, J.W., VILLA, J.D., DODDS, G.E.  2013.  Varying congruence of hygienic responses to Varroa destructor and freeze-killed brood among difference types of honeybees.  Apidologie 44(4): 447-457.

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DANKA, R.G., JARRIS, J.W., DODDS, G.E.  2016.  Selection of VSH-derived “Pol-lone” honey bees and evaluation of their Varroa-resistance characteristics.  Apidologie 47(3):483-490.








Last Modified: 4/15/2017
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