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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: The Development of Values for Vitamins E and B12 for Fortified Foods in the United States

item Gebhardt, Susan
item Holden, Joanne
item Haytowitz, David

Submitted to: International Conference of Dietary Assessment Methods
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 14, 2005
Publication Date: April 27, 2006
Citation: Gebhardt, S.E., Holden, J.M., Haytowitz, D.B. The development of values for vitamins e and b12 for fortified foods in the United States. Sixth International Conference on Dietary Assessment Methods to be held April 27 -29, 2006 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Technical Abstract: Nutrient data from the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) form the foundation of the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Surveys (FNDDS). Of the 7,000 foods in SR about 2,700 foods are used in the FNDDS. Complete nutrient profiles for >60 nutrients, including vitamins E and B12 are provided for these foods. Changes in the Dietary Reference Intakes for the United States and Canada created the need for additional forms of vitamins in the database. The UL for vitamin E is based on vitamin E as a supplement or food fortificant. The EAR and RDA for vitamin B12 recommends that adults, 51 years and older, should meet most of their requirement by consuming foods fortified with vitamin B12 or a B12 containing supplement. In SR18, values were included for added vitamins E and B12 for foods used for the FNDDS. Excluding infant formulas, there are ~200 foods in the database fortified with vitamin B12. Of these, over 75% are breakfast cereals and ~10% are soy-based meat substitutes and meal replacements. There are ~100 foods fortified with vitamin E. Almost half are breakfast cereals and ~40% are meal replacements. Procedures used to estimate these values will be described.

Last Modified: 5/5/2015
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