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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF BIO-BASED ELASTOMERIC COMPOSITES

Location: Plant Polymer Research

Title: The pH dependence of the rheology of wheat protein isolate suspensions

Authors
item Xu, Jingyuan
item Carson, Brook - ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND CO
item Kim, Sanghoon

Submitted to: American Association of Cereal Chemists Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2008
Publication Date: September 24, 2008
Citation: Xu, J., Carson, B., Kim, S. 2008. The pH dependence of the rheology of wheat protein isolate suspensions. American Association of Cereal Chemists Meetings. xx.

Technical Abstract: Linear and non-linear rheological properties of wheat protein isolate (WPI) suspensions were investigated as a function of concentration and pH. Linear dynamic viscoelastic properties for WPI were strongly dependent on concentration and pH. The higher the concentration, the stronger the viscoelasticity of the WPI would be. In the pH range of 4.0 – 7.0, higher pH resulted in the stronger viscoelasticity. WPI suspensions exhibited viscoelastic fluid behavior at lower concentration and/or lower pH. However, at high concentration and high pH, WPI suspensions showed some transition from viscoelastic fluid into viscoelastic solid, and displayed viscoelastic solid behavior at low frequencies. Concentration and pH ranges for the transition were narrow indicating that the property change for the WPI was in evidence. The non-linear shear viscoelastic properties of WPI were also found to depend on concentration and pH. Viscosities of WPI displayed shear-thinning behavior, and fits by a power law constitutive model. Our results indicate that the WPI structure in suspension changes over a small concentration and pH range, which suggest that WPI could be important for adjusting and controlling dough viscoelastic behavior. The information of this work is useful in the development of more and new applications using wheat protein isolate.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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