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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Cotton Ginning Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #89165


item Anthony, William

Submitted to: International Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/18/1998
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Not required

Technical Abstract: The quality of baled cotton fiber is not solely dependent on ginning, instead reflects the entire history of the cotton including variety, soil type, geographical location, cultural practices, storage, ginning, etc,. Controlling the appropriate factors before ginning and prescribing the appropriate gin cleaning and drying needs of cotton can substantially improve fiber quality and increase monetary returns to the cotton farmer and textile mill. The current process control system known as "IntelliGin" utilizes the cotton market price and the performance characteristics of gin machinery to determine the optimum drying level and machinery sequence. Cotton moisture, color, and foreign matter measurements are made with electronic devices at three stations in the gin system and are used to feed forward and feed backward to control the gin process. Special routing valves are used to bypass or select any combination of seed cotton cleaners, driers, and lint cleaners as directed by a computer. When gin machinery is bypassed, the quantity of marketable lint is increased and the amount of fiber damage is decreased. The gin process control system minimizes fiber damage and machinery usage while optimizing profits. Control of fiber moisture and gin machinery increases bale value, increases fiber length, increases fiber yield, reduces short fibers, reduces neps, improves removability of seed-coat fragments at the textile mill, and decreases the number of seed-coat fragments.