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ARS Home » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #86309


item Wesley, Irene

Submitted to: Food Safety Consortium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/14/1997
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The genus Arcobacter includes bacteria formerly designated Campylobacter cryaerophila. Three species of Arcobacter have been recovered from man and animals: A. butzleri, A. cryaerophilus, and A. skirrowii. Of these, A. butzleri is regarded as the primary human pathogen. Unlike other Campylobacter species, Arcobacter grows in the presence of atmospheric oxygen and at 15 deg C, which is lower than temperatures used for incubation of Campylobacter. Arcobacter spp. have been associated with cases of human enteritis and septicemia; enteritis and abortion occur in livestock. Arcobacter spp. have been found in water, cattle, swine, poultry, and in ground pork and turkey products. Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of human bacterial enteritis. Because of their phylogenetic similarity, the pathogenesis, distribution and routes of transmission which have been described for C. jejuni may be applicable to Arcobacter. Herein we provide a review of Arcobacter and address the possibility of considering Arcobacter spp., especially A. butzleri, as emerging foodborne pathogens.