Submitted to: Journal Acta Horticulturae
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/16/1997
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: No Interpretive Summary required.
Technical Abstract: The U.S. Department of Agriculture has been breeding strawberries for new cultivars adapted to specific regions and for specific markets. This work is carried on at three Federal locations: Beltsville, MD, Poplarville, MS, and Corvallis, OR; with about 15 State Agricultural Experiment Stations and about 12 private firms cooperating. There has been significant recent progress in each of our regional breeding programs, leading to the release of 14 varieties, with two more expected in 1997. Four anthracnose- resistant breeding lines US 70 and US 438 (both early), and US 292 and US 159 (both late) and an anthracnose and red stele disease resistant cultivar, Pelican, from Poplarville and Beltsville. Five high-yielding, large-sized, flavorful, red- stele disease resistant berries adapted to the midwestern and northeastern United States were released from Beltsville. These are: Mohawk, Northeaster, Delmarvel, Primetime, and Latestar. Two red-stele resistant varieties adapted to the fluctuating temperature extremes of the North Central United States were released; Winona, a late, hardy plant with very high yields, size, and quality, and Mesabi, a midseason, hardy plant with very high yields, size, texture, and quality. Three new varieties from Corvallis, Redcrest, Redgem, Bountiful, are principally for processing, possessing high color and acidity, high yield, easy capping and adaptation to the Pacific Northwest.