|Schnell Ii, Raymond|
Submitted to: Beltsville Agricultural Research Center Symposium
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/19/1996
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The cultivated plants together with wild species of Saccharum and related genera including Erianthus, Miscanthus, Narenga, and Sclerostachya, form the basic genetic resources of sugarcane. The genus Saccharum includes S. officinarum, S. spontaneum, S. barberi, S. sinense, S. robustum, and S. edule. At the recommendation of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ISSCT) Standing Committee on Germplasm and Breeding, duplicate World Collections of Sugarcane and Related Grasses are being maintained clonally at the USDA-ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Miami, Florida, U. S. A., and the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, India. The world collection at Miami contains approximately 1,500 accessions and the collection at Coimbatore contains approximatley 3,500 accessions (which include many of their Co-cultivars). The World Collection represents a diverse genetic resource of sugarcane. True seed of S. spontaneum and S. officinarum were produced and stored at the National Seed Storage Laboratory, Ft. Collins, Colorado, as part of sugarcane germplasm conservation effort. The germplasm is freely distributed upon the request. Shipments are made once a year (September).