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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Athens, Georgia » U.S. National Poultry Research Center » Poultry Microbiological Safety and Processing Research Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #408408

Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Control Salmonella and Campylobacter During Poultry Processing

Location: Poultry Microbiological Safety and Processing Research Unit

Title: Application of pressurized steam and forced hot air for cleaning broiler transport cage flooring

item REINA, MARCO - Auburn University
item URRUTIA, ANDREA - Auburn University
item FIGUEROA, JUAN - Auburn University
item RIGGS, MONTANA - Auburn University
item MACKLIN, KENNETH - Auburn University
item Buhr, Richard - Jeff
item BOURASSA, DIANNA - Auburn University

Submitted to: International Poultry Scientific Forum
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/2022
Publication Date: 1/23/2023
Citation: Reina, M.A., Urrutia, A., Figueroa, J., Riggs, M., Macklin, K., Buhr, R.J., Bourassa, D.V. 2023. Application of pressurized steam and forced hot air for cleaning broiler transport cage flooring. International Poultry Scientific Forum. 102(E-Suppl.1): M6, p.3..

Interpretive Summary: No Summary

Technical Abstract: Salmonella and Campylobacter, are leading bacterial pathogens of both economic and foodborne importance in the poultry industry. With the aim to isolate these pathogens, and to determine potential risk factors for introducing them to the poultry complex, samples were collected from two pullet farms, four breeder farms, nine broiler farms, hatchery, transport and processing plant. A total of 686 and 444 samples were collected for Salmonella and Campylobacter recovery respectively from inside and outside these facilities. All samples were analyzed with a 3M-Molecular Detection System (MDS) for rapid screening and suspected positive samples were further processed for confirmation of result and identification. From the pullet farms, 5 MDS Salmonella positive and 6 MDS Campylobacter positive samples were identified. Among these, 1 sample for Salmonella and Campylobacter tested culture positive. From the breeder farms, there were 57 MDS Campylobacter positive samples, 7 of which tested positive on culture; none of the samples tested positive for Salmonella with the MDS. Broiler farms, had 13 MDS positive samples for both Salmonella and Campylobacter. Among these, 7 and 2 samples for Salmonella and Campylobacter respectively tested culture positive. The hatchery, had 13 MDS Salmonella positive and 2 MDS Campylobacter positive samples. From these, 5 samples tested culture positive for Salmonella while none tested culture positive for Campylobacter. Finally, from the processing plant, 3 and 11 samples for Salmonella and Campylobacter respectively tested positive with MDS and culture. Salmonella rough O: r:1,5 isolate was identified from pullet farm and serotypes S. Barranquilla, S. Kentucky, S. Liverpool and S. Luciana were identified from broiler farms. Similarly, the serogroups B and D1, and C2 and E were identified from the hatchery and the processing plant respectively. This study is survey-based and is focused on identifying potential risk factors. Thus, at this time, statistical analysis was not performed. With these findings, it can be inferred that the surroundings of poultry houses include various risk factors that can transmit these foodborne pathogens into the poultry complex, and hence, potentially to the consumers.