Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/12/2023
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The contamination of fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables with human pathogens is an ongoing concern. Research efforts into nonthermal methods for sanitation and suppression of these pathogens encompass physical and chemical means, both in new applications of conventional technologies and in the development and validation of novel technologies. This chapter will discuss biological controls: competitive exclusion organisms, antagonists, bacterial predators, phages, and others. By their nature, biological control strategies must work with the microbial ecology of the contaminated fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. A variety of options are available, the selection and optimization of which will be the basis for efficacy and commercial viability.