Submitted to: Clean Water Clean Environment 21st Century Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/5/1995
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Current farming practices have significantly increased crop productivity, but they have also polluted groundwater in some areas. This study was conducted to evaluate effects of no-till, ridge-till, chisel-plow, and moldboard plow tillage with continuous corn and a corn-soybean rotation on leaching loss of nitrate and pesticides to tile drainage water. Moldboard plow and ridge-till practices had lowest nitrate loss with continuous corn, while rotation plots had the lowest losses with no-till and ridge-till practices. Atrazine losses were greater than those for alachlor, cyanazine, and metribuzin. No-till and ridge-till had the highest atrazine loss, while moldboard plots had the lowest losses. The highest nitrate and atrazine losses occurred with continuous corn, in part because it received higher N fertilizer, but produced lower grain yield. Based on our results, continuous corn is not an environmentally or economically sustainable practice for this area or where similar soils are found.