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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stuttgart, Arkansas » Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #402088

Research Project: Gene Discovery and Crop Design for Current and New Rice Management Practices and Market Opportunities

Location: Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center

Title: Integrating variety data into large-scale crop yield models

item WOODARD, JOSHUA - Cornell University
item WANG, DIANE - Cornell University
item McClung, Anna
item Ziska, Lewis
item DUTTA, TRIDIB - Cornell University
item MCCOUCH, SUSAN - Cornell University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/31/2016
Publication Date: 12/15/2016
Citation: Woodard, J.D., Wang, D.R., Mcclung, A.M., Ziska, L.H., Dutta, T., Mccouch, S.R. 2016. Integrating variety data into large-scale crop yield models. Proceedings. 2016 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting. Boston, Massachusetts, July 31 - August 2, 2016.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Crop yield distribution estimation has long been a major focus of agricultural policy, insurance, and risk management research. Yet, explicit incorporation of variety or genetic data in the estimation of yield distributions remains elusive in large scale contexts, both within agricultural economics as well as the broader crop sciences. The purpose of this study is to investigate methods for integrating crop variety data into crop yield distribution models. Through a unique data collection effort, we have assembled a large scale dataset of yield, weather, soil type, and varietal data for planted acreage for the last four and a half decades for the U.S. rice market. This dataset represents virtually all rice grown in the southern U.S. since 1970 (approximately 125 million acres). This research is the first to our knowledge that attempts to model the relationships between varieties, yield, soil, and weather using such large scale market data. Significant variation was found among crop variety performance, and on average varieties have improved through time as it regards yield impacts. We find that about half of all technology gains in the U.S. rice market can be explained by the introduction of, and shifting towards, new rice varieties and adaptation related to adoption of better performing varieties, suggesting that the market actively adapts. This is perhaps not surprising given the investments in these markets, the rational actions of economic agents in choosing varieties, as well as advancements in breeding programs.