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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Canal Point, Florida » Sugarcane Field Station » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #394604

Research Project: Understanding and Incorporating Disease Resistance into New Sugarcane Cultivars

Location: Sugarcane Field Station

Title: Registration of ‘CP 14-1377’ sugarcane for organic soils in Florida

item Sood, Sushma
item Momotaz, Aliya
item BALTAZAR, MIGUEL - Florida Sugarcane League
item Coto Arbelo, Orlando
item DAVIDSON, WAYNE - Florida Sugarcane League
item Islam, Md
item SANDHU, HARDEV - University Of Florida
item Zhao, Duli
item Gordon, Vanessa

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/21/2022
Publication Date: 1/5/2023
Citation: Sood, S.G., Momotaz, A., Baltazar, M., Coto Arbelo, O., Davidson, W.R., Islam, M.S., Sandhu, H., Zhao, D., Gordon, V.S. 2023. Registration of ‘CP 14-1377’ sugarcane for organic soils in Florida. Journal of Plant Registrations.

Interpretive Summary: ‘CP 14-1377’ sugarcane cultivar was developed through cooperative research conducted by the USDA-ARS, the University of Florida, and the Florida Sugar Cane League, Inc. and released by the Florida Sugarcane Variety Committee (FSVC) to growers in Florida for commercial production on organic (muck) soils in June 2021. It was selected from a polycross made at Canal Point (CP) in the 2012 crossing season with a CP sugarcane breeding line CP 03-1094 as a female parent and several male parents. CP 14-1377 was released by FSVC because of its high cane and sucrose yields, acceptable commercial recoverable sugar, and resistance to most significant diseases. The results of 15 harvests of three crops (plant cane, first ratoon, and second ratoon) at five locations in the final-stage replicated yield trials on muck soils showed that CP 14-1377 did not differ in cane yield from the three commercial reference cultivars CP 00-1101, CP 96-1252 and CPCL 05-1201. CP 14-1377 performed equal or better in all the yield traits and disease resistance than CP 96-1252, the top cultivar in Florida. It also had similar yield traits values except stalk population than CPCL 05-1201, a cultivar competing with CP 96-1252 in the production for the top place.

Technical Abstract: ‘CP 14-1377’ (Reg. No. ;PI ), new sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum spp.) cultivar was developed through cooperative research conducted by the USDA-ARS, the University of Florida, and the Florida Sugar Cane League, Inc. CP 14-1377 was selected from the polycross (X12-1500) between CP 03-1094 and several males (Poly12-29) made at Canal Point, Florida on 20 Dec 2012. It was released for cultivation on organic soils in June 2021 due to its higher stalk population, sugar yield, and economic index (profitability) than the reference check CP 96-1252. At the time of its release, CP 14-1377 was resistant to brown rust caused by Puccinia melanocephala (H. & P. Sydow), orange rust caused by Puccinia kuehnii (E.J. Butler), smut caused by Sporisorium scitamineum (Syd., M. Piepenbr., M. Stoll & Oberw), mosaic caused by Sugarcane mosaic virus strain E and ratoon stunt caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Evtsuhenko et al.). It was also moderately resistant to leaf scald caused by Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby, Dowson) and Sugarcane yellow leaf virus. It had an acceptable level of freeze tolerance for Florida. CP 14-1377 had yield and disease traits superior to the widely grown cultivar CP 96-1252; therefore, it could positively impact sugarcane production in Florida.