Location: Aquatic Animal Health ResearchTitle: Columnaris disease is caused by Flavobacterium columnare and three newly described Flavobacterium spp.
|KRALOVA, STANISLAVA - Masaryk University|
|BURBICK, CLAIRE - Washington State University|
|ALEXANDER, TREVOR - Washington State University|
|PHILLIPS, CONNER - Washington State University|
|GIFFIN, MATT - Mississippi State University|
|Waldbieser, Geoffrey - Geoff|
|DE ALEXANDRE SEBASTI, FERNANDA - University Of California, Davis|
|SOTO, ESTEBAN - University Of California, Davis|
|LOCH, THOMAS - Michigan State University|
|LILES, MARK - Auburn University|
|SNKVIK, KEVIN - Washington State University|
Submitted to: Western Fish Disease Workshop
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/29/2022
Publication Date: 5/16/2022
Citation: Lafrentz, B.R., Kralova, S., Burbick, C.R., Alexander, T.L., Phillips, C.W., Giffin, M.J., Waldbieser, G.C., Garcia, J.C., De Alexandre Sebasti, F., Soto, E., Loch, T., Liles, M.R., Snkvik, K.R. 2022. Columnaris disease is caused by Flavobacterium columnare and three newly described Flavobacterium spp [abstract]. Western Fish Disease Workshop, Hood River OR, May 16-20, 2022.
Technical Abstract: Flavobacterium columnare is the causative agent of columnaris disease in freshwater fish. Four discrete genetic groups exist within the species and research has demonstrated associated host and virulence differences. The present study determined the taxonomic status of the four genetic groups of F. columnare using polyphasic and phylogenomic approaches. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA and gyrB genes using different methodologies demonstrated the four genetic groups formed well-supported and distinct clades within the genus Flavobacterium. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (GGDC) values between F. columnare ATCC 23463T, genetic group 2 isolate AL-02-36T, genetic group 3 isolate 90-106T, and genetic group 4 isolate Costa Rica 04-02-TNT were less than 90.84% and 42.7%, respectively. Chemotaxonomic, MALDI-TOF characterization and ANI/GGDC calculations afforded differentiation between the genetic groups, indicating each group is a discrete species. Herein, the names F. covae sp. nov., F. davisii sp. nov., and F. oreochromis sp. nov. are proposed to represent genetic groups 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Since these pathogens are globally distributed and have significant impacts on wild and cultured fish species, recognition of the four species will advance and improve research to define host-pathogen-environment relationships, epidemiology, and develop effective control and prevention measures in aquaculture. Such research needs to target the correct bacterial species and research findings can be properly interpreted by correct and consistent taxonomic assignment.