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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Oxford, Mississippi » Natural Products Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #392138

Research Project: Discovery and Development of Natural Product-Based Pesticides and Pharmaceuticals

Location: Natural Products Utilization Research

Title: Chemical profiling and UHPLC-QToF analysis for the simultaneous determination of anthocyanins and flavonoids in Sambucus berries and authentication and detection of adulteration...

item AVULA, BHARATHI - University Of Mississippi
item KATRAGUNTA, KUMAR - University Of Mississippi
item WANG, YAN-HONG - University Of Mississippi
item ALI, ZULFIQAR - University Of Mississippi
item SRIVEDAVYASASRI, RADHAKRISHNAN - University Of Mississippi
item GAFNER, STEFAN - American Botanical Council
item SLIMESTAD, RUNE - Plantchem
item KHAN, IKHLAS - University Of Mississippi

Submitted to: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/7/2022
Publication Date: 4/15/2022
Citation: Avula, B., Katragunta, K., Wang, Y., Ali, Z., Srivedavyasasri, R., Gafner, S., Slimestad, R., Khan, I.A. 2022. Chemical profiling and UHPLC-QToF analysis for the simultaneous determination of anthocyanins and flavonoids in Sambucus berries and authentication and detection of adulteration in elderberry dietary supplements using UHPLC-PDA-MS. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis.

Interpretive Summary: Centaurea benedicta of family Asteraceae is an annual herbaceous plant and commonly known as blessed thistle or St Benedict’s thistle. It is native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, Africa, and Asia. The dried leaf, stem, including the flowering parts of the plant, have been used in bitter tonic drinks and in other preparations taken orally to enhance appetite, strengthen the liver, and aid digestion. An analytical method was tested and successfully applied for the identification of seven compounds in plant samples of Centaurea species, and twenty-one dietary supplements claiming to contain C. benedictus. Thirteen dietary supplements showed for the presence of C. benedictus and cnicin was found to be the major compound in all analyzed samples. The method was found to be simple, specific and sensitive and can be used for routine quality control of raw materials/dietary supplements and for the quantification of compounds.

Technical Abstract: Simultaneous identification and quantification of sesquiterpene lactone glycoside, phenolic acid and flavonoids in mixed parts of Centaurea benedicta L. were performed for the first time. The LC method showed an adequate performance for the separation of seven compounds. Quantification, detection limits, precision, accuracy as well as robustness were determined. Analysis of various samples showed considerable variation of 0.9-10.3% for the marker compound, cnicin. Twenty-one dietary supplements claiming to contain C. benedictus extract were analyzed for authencity. Thirteen of 21 products showed for the presence C. benedictus. LC-mass spectrometry method coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) is described for the identification of compounds in plant samples. This method involved the use of the protonated, deprotonated and adduct ions for compounds in positive and negative ion modes with extractive ion chromatogram (EIC). The application of LC-QToF provided useful information to characterize sixty-five compounds and the developed methods were also applicable for quality assessment of a both raw material and dietary supplements.