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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #392072

Research Project: Improving Dairy Animals by Increasing Accuracy of Genomic Prediction, Evaluating New Traits, and Redefining Selection Goals

Location: Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory

Title: Evidence of selection against recessive defects

item NORMAN, HOWARD - Council On Dairy Cattle Breeding
item Null, Daniel
item Vanraden, Paul

Submitted to: Journal of Dairy Science
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/10/2022
Publication Date: 6/19/2022
Citation: Norman, H.D., Null, D.J., Van Raden, P.M. 2022. Evidence of selection against recessive defects [abstract]. Journal of Dairy Science. 105(Suppl. 1):47(abstr. 1124).

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Haplotype tests are effective for differentiating animals with traits of desirable performance, or conversely, that carry recessive detrimental alleles. Our objective was to show how the frequencies of carriers have changed in US dairy animals over time. Several are haplotypes impacting fertility, first described by VanRaden. In the homozygous state, embryonic death or stillbirth occurs. When abortions occur vary, thus economic losses vary also. Semen from carrier bulls continued to be used, but their tested sons are often by-passed. Carrier frequency by year was derived from genotypes; those from 2011 and 2021 are shown; AH1 and AH2 in Ayrshires is high (18.5 to 19.9%); only slightly below 2011. BH2 in Brown Swiss is 5.7%, down 2/3^rd from 2011. Several haplotypes in Holsteins have been uncovered. Carriers in 2011 & 2021 were: HH0 5.9 & 0.9; HH1 4.3 & 1.0; HH2 3.6 & 1.8; HH3 6.8 & 1.9; HH4 0.7 & 0.2; HH5 4.2 & 6.3; and HH6 0.7 & 1.9. JH1 in Jerseys were 23.3 & 9.7%. Carriers for BLAD, CVM, DUMPS, and mulefoot were 0.1, 0.6, 0.01 and 0.02 in 2021. Recently discovered JNS rose from 3.6 to 7.2%. Carriers sometimes rose prior to discovery making detection easier; after they were uncovered, selection against them followed.