Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » Miami, Florida » Subtropical Horticulture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #385495

Research Project: Mitigation of Invasive Pest Threats to U.S. Subtropical Agriculture

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Efficacy of anisole against Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa.

item Yang, Xiangbing
item Kendra, Paul

Submitted to: Entomology Society America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/14/2021
Publication Date: 10/20/2021
Citation: Yang, X., and P.E. Kendra. 2021. Efficacy of anisole against Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa. 68th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America. (Virtual; on demand 20 Oct 2021 – 31 Jan 2022).

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa, is a major pest to over 100 host species in Florida, the Caribbean islands and countries in Central America. Female A. suspensa have a preference for infesting guava and overripe citrus, and infestation results in market unacceptable fruit. Insecticidal bait sprays are currently used for control of this pest in commercial groves. However, intensive use of insecticides may cause issues like environmental contamination, a threat to non-target organisms, and an increase in insecticide resistance in fruit fly populations. In this study, anisole, a plant based essential oil, was evaluated under laboratory conditions to determine the toxicity against A. suspensa. Results demonstrated that anisole was effective against all life stages of A. suspensa via contact, fumigation, and residue tests. Potential of using anisole as an environmentally-friendly alternative to conventional insecticides, including methyl bromide, for control of Caribbean fruit fly will be discussed.