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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Small Grain and Food Crops Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #384189

Research Project: Identification and Characterization of Quality Parameters for Enhancement of Marketability of Hard Spring Wheat, Durum, and Oat

Location: Small Grain and Food Crops Quality Research

Title: Registration of 'Lustre' durum wheat

Author
item HOGG, A.C. - MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY
item CARR, P.M - CENTRAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item EBERLY, J.O - CENTRAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item CHEN, C. - EASTERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item KOWATCH, C. - EASTERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item CRUTCHER, F.D. - EASTERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item HOESEL, S. - EASTERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item LAMB, P.F. - NORTHERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item MCNAMARA, K.D. - NORTHERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item KEPHART, K.D. - SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item SMITH, V. - SOUTHERN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
item Dykes, Linda
item Chen, Xianming
item HUANG, L. - MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY
item GIROUX, M.J. - MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/14/2022
Publication Date: 8/9/2022
Citation: Hogg, A., Carr, P., Eberly, J., Chen, C., Kowatch, C., Crutcher, F., Hoesel, S., Lamb, P., Mcnamara, K., Kephart, K., Smith, V., Dykes, L., Chen, X., Huang, L., Giroux, M. 2022. Registration of 'Lustre' durum wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 16:576-584. https://doi.org/10.1002/plr2.20214.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/plr2.20214

Interpretive Summary: In the United States, durum wheat is grown primarily for pasta production. Important traits for the selection of durum wheat include grain yield, disease resistance, quality, and low grain cadmium accumulation. Compared to other cereals, durum may accumulate high levels of the heavy metal cadmium, representing a risk to human health. Lustre is a spring durum wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released in 2020. Lustre was selected for its yield performance under dryland conditions across Montana, low grain cadmium accumulation, high grain protein, high yellow semolina color, low semolina ash, good pasta firmness, and resistance to stem and leaf rusts. Lustre performs well in both the North Central and North East regions of Montana, where most Montana durum is produced and intended for pasta production.

Technical Abstract: ‘Lustre’ is a spring durum wheat [Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum (Desf.)] developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released in 2020. Lustre was bred using the single seed descent method and was selected for its yield performance under dryland conditions across Montana, low grain cadmium accumulation, good pasta firmness, high grain protein, high yellow semolina color, and low semolina ash. Lustre performs well in both the North Central and North East regions of Montana, where most Montana durum is produced and intended for pasta production. Lustre has similar stripe rust resistance/susceptibility as top grown durum cultivars in the state with susceptibility at the seedling stage and high-temperature adult-plant resistance. Lustre is moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight like other durum cultivars. Luster is resistant to the predominant races of stem and leaf rust and is moderately resistant to fungal leaf spot complex. Lustre is approximately 89.4 cm tall, with a yellow green color and a heading date one day later than the cultivar ‘Mountrail’. Lustre has an erect flag leaf and an erect tapering head having white glumes and awns.