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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Charleston, South Carolina » Vegetable Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #384053

Research Project: Biological, Genetic and Genomic Based Disease Management for Vegetable Crops

Location: Vegetable Research

Title: Managing the spread of Tomato brown rugose fruit virus and Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus using chemical disinfectants

item Chanda, Bidisha
item Shamimuzzaman, Md
item Gilliard, Andrea
item Ling, Kai-Shu

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/15/2022
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Tobamoviruses causes severe production loss of economically important crops. These viruses are transmitted via physical contact or through seeds. The virulent nature of two emerging Tobamoviruses: Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) and Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) have threatened several economically important vegetable crops in the Solanaceae (tomato, pepper) and Cucurbitaceae (watermelon, cucumber) worldwide. With the lack of a disease resistant cultivar, preventive measures are the best solution to manage the spread of these viruses. In the present study, we focused our efforts in evaluating 16 chemical disinfectants for their effectiveness against mechanical transmission of ToBRFV on tomato and CGMMV on watermelon. Results showed that six disinfectants (Lactoferrin, Virocid, Clorox, Virkon S, Virex and SP2700) under appropriate concentrations generated significant and broad-spectrum activities against the spread of both ToBRFV and CGMMV. In conclusion, identification of common disinfectants against two emerging tobamoviruses in two different pathosystems suggest their potential broader effects against other viruses.