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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Frederick, Maryland » Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #383458

Research Project: Molecular Identification, Characterization, and Biology of Foreign and Emerging Viral and Bacterial Plant Pathogens

Location: Foreign Disease-Weed Science Research

Title: Tactical applications of microbial forensics in agricultural biosecurity

Author
item FLETCHER, JACQUELINE - OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY
item DAVIS, JOANNA - ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE (APHIS)
item Luster, Douglas - Doug
item MURCH, RANDALL - VIRGINIA TECH

Submitted to: IGI Global
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/12/2021
Publication Date: 2/16/2022
Citation: Fletcher, J., Davis, J., Luster, D.G., Murch, R. 2022. Tactical applications of microbial forensics in agricultural biosecurity. IGI Global. 323-361. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-7935-0.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-7935-0

Interpretive Summary: The secure and continuous production of agricultural commodities and food security are key to U.S. national security. The introduction of foreign or emerging animal, plant, and human diseases by intentional acts of espionage, terrorism, biological warfare, or criminal activity can lead to severe consequences for domestic and international agricultural markets, the economic security of the agricultural community, food safety and food security, and the credibility of state and federal agencies. Early public, animal, plant health, law enforcement, and intelligence assessments and investigations of suspected or confirmed intentional threats are critical additions to existing inter-agency prevention, response, and management protocols. Forensic microbiology, a multidisciplinary science, is essential to the nation’s readiness for responding to a potentially criminal, intentional or otherwise nefarious incident in the agricultural sector (plant or animal), and of eventual supporting attribution and the prosecution of the perpetrators.

Technical Abstract: The secure and continuous production of agricultural commodities and food security are key to U.S. national security. The introduction of foreign-origin or emerging animal, plant, and human diseases by intentional acts of espionage, terrorism, biological warfare, or criminal activity can lead to severe consequences for domestic and international agricultural markets, the economic security of the agricultural community, food safety and food security, and the credibility of responsible state and federal agencies. Early public, animal, plant health, law enforcement, and intelligence assessments and investigations of suspected or confirmed intentional threats are critical additions to existing inter-agency prevention, response, and management protocols. Forensic microbiology, a multidisciplinary science, is essential to the nation’s readiness for responding to a potentially criminal, intentional or otherwise nefarious incident in the agricultural sector (plant or animal), and of eventual supporting attribution and the prosecution of the perpetrators.