Skip to main content
ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Albany, California » Western Regional Research Center » Crop Improvement and Genetics Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #380725

Research Project: New Genetic Resources for Breeding Better Wheat and Bioenergy Crops

Location: Crop Improvement and Genetics Research

Title: BdERECTA controls vasculature patterning and phloem-xylem organization in Brachypodium distachyon

Author
item SAKAI, KAORI - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item CITERNE, SYLVIE - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item ANTELME, SEBASTIENE - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item LE BRIS, PHILIPPE - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item DANIEL, SYLVIANE - Inrae
item BOULDER, AXELLE - Inrae
item D'ORLANDO, ANGELINA - Inrae
item CARTWRIGHT, AMY - Department Of Energy Joint Genome
item TELLIER, FREDERIQUE - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item PATEYRON, STEPHANIE - Institute Of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay
item DELANNOY, ETIENNE - Institute Of Plant Sciences Paris-Saclay
item L Chingcuanco, Debbie
item MOUILLE, GREGORY - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item PALAUQUI, JEAN CHRISTOPHE - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)
item VOGEL, JOHN - Department Of Energy Joint Genome
item SIBOUT, RICHARD - Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin (IJPB)

Submitted to: Biomed Central (BMC) Plant Biology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/7/2021
Publication Date: 4/23/2021
Citation: Sakai, K., Citerne, S., Antelme, S., Le Bris, P., Daniel, S., Boulder, A., D'Orlando, A., Cartwright, A., Tellier, F., Pateyron, S., Delannoy, E., Chingcuanco, D.L., Mouille, G., Palauqui, J., Vogel, J., Sibout, R. 2021. BdERECTA drives vasculature patterning and phloem-xylem organization in Brachypodium distachyon. Biomed Central (BMC) Plant Biology. 21. Article 196. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-021-02970-2.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-021-02970-2

Interpretive Summary: The vascular system of plants consists of two main tissue types, xylem and phloem. These tissues are organized into vascular bundles that are arranged into a complex network running through the plant that is essential for the viability of land plants. Despite their obvious importance, the genes involved in the organization of vascular tissues remain poorly understood in grasses. We studied in detail the vascular network in stems from the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) and identified a large set of genes differentially expressed in vascular bundles versus parenchyma tissues. To decipher the underlying molecular mechanisms of vascularization in grasses, we conducted a forward genetic screen for abnormal vasculature. We identified a mutation that severely affected the organization of vascular tissues. This mutant displayed defects in anastomosis of the vascular network and uncommon amphivasal vascular bundles. The causal mutation is premature stop codon in ERECTA, a LRR receptor-like serine/threonine-protein kinase. Mutations in this gene are pleiotropic indicating that it serves multiple roles during plant development. This mutant also displayed changes in cell wall composition, gene expression and hormone homeostasis. We propose a major role of ERECTA in vasculature anastomosis and vascular tissue organization in Brachypodium.

Technical Abstract: Background: The vascular system of plants consists of two main tissue types, xylem and phloem. These tissues are organized into vascular bundles that are arranged into a complex network running through the plant that is essential for the viability of land plants. Despite their obvious importance, the genes involved in the organization of vascular tissues remain poorly understood in grasses. Results: We studied in detail the vascular network in stems from the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) and identified a large set of genes differentially expressed in vascular bundles versus parenchyma tissues. To decipher the underlying molecular mechanisms of vascularization in grasses, we conducted a forward genetic screen for abnormal vasculature. We identified a mutation that severely affected the organization of vascular tissues. This mutant displayed defects in anastomosis of the vascular network and uncommon amphivasal vascular bundles. The causal mutation is a premature stop codon in ERECTA, a LRR receptor-like serine/threonine-protein kinase. Mutations in this gene are pleiotropic indicating that it serves multiple roles during plant development. This mutant also displayed changes in cell wall composition, gene expression and hormone homeostasis. Conclusion: In summary, ERECTA has a pleiotropic role in Brachypodium. We propose a major role of ERECTA in vasculature anastomosis and vascular tissue organization in Brachypodium.