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ARS Home » Plains Area » College Station, Texas » Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center » Crop Germplasm Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #379632

Research Project: Advanced Genomic and Bioinformatic Tools for Accelerated Cotton Genetic Improvement

Location: Crop Germplasm Research

Title: The power of cotton genomics

item Yu, John

Submitted to: World Cotton Research Conference Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/6/2021
Publication Date: 5/1/2021
Citation: Yu, J. 2021. The power of cotton genomics. Proceedings of World Cotton Research Conference Proceedings. Cotton Innovations Newsletter. 1(3):6-7.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Currently more than a dozen Gossypium species have been sequenced including all four cultivated cotton species. The genomic knowledge and sequence maps provide unprecedented opportunities for cotton genetic improvement. Thousands of functional genes and millions of DNA markers are made available for effective exploitation through detailed analysis of cotton genome sequences. Abundant DNA variation is uncovered within and among the Gossypium species and accessions. In concert with the evaluation of beneficial attributes otherwise buried in Gossypium germplasm, such DNA variants are being associated to cotton priority traits including fiber and seed quality properties as well as biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. The recent advance of cotton genomics is moving cotton breeding into a new era, where molecular genetics will refocus on functional traits for improved cotton cultivars.