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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Reno, Nevada » Great Basin Rangelands Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #376809

Research Project: Management and Restoration of Rangeland Ecosystems

Location: Great Basin Rangelands Research

Title: Stable isotope approaches and opportunities for improving plant conservation

Author
item Snyder, Keirith
item ROBINSON, SHARON - University Of Wollongong
item SCHMIDT, SUSANNE - University Of Queensland
item HULTINE, KEVIN - Desert Botanical Garden

Submitted to: Conservation Physiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2022
Publication Date: 8/10/2022
Citation: Snyder, K.A., Robinson, S.A., Schmidt, S., Hultine, K.R. 2022. Stable isotope approaches and opportunities for improving plant conservation. Conservation Physiology. 2022 Aug 10;10(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coac056.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coac056

Interpretive Summary: Stable isotope ratios measured in plant tissues can uncover patterns of stress and identify plants that are most resilient to changing environmental conditions. As a consequence, stable isotope measurements are potentially powerful tools for planning, implementing and monitoring conservation of threatened and endangered plants.

Technical Abstract: Successful conservation of threatened species and ecosystems in a rapidly changing world requires scientifically sound decision-making tools that are readily accessible to conservation practitioners. Physiological applications that examine how plants and animals interact with their environment are now widely used when planning, implementing and monitoring conservation. Among these tools, stable-isotope physiology is a potentially powerful, yet under-utilized cornerstone of current and future conservation efforts of threatened and endangered plants. We review the underlying concepts and theory of stable isotope physiology and describe how stable-isotope applications can support plant conservation. We focus on stable isotopes of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen to address plant ecophysiological responses to changing environmental conditions across temporal scales from hours to centuries. We review examples from a broad range of plant taxa, life forms and habitats and provide specific examples where stable-isotope analysis can directly improve conservation, in part by helping identify resilient, locally adapted genotypes or populations. Our review aims to provide a guide for practitioners to easily access and evaluate the information that can be derived from stable-isotope signatures, their limitations and how stable isotopes can improve conservation efforts.