Location: Chemistry ResearchTitle: Plant defense chemicals against insect pests
Submitted to: Agronomy
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/5/2020
Publication Date: 8/8/2020
Citation: Yactayo Chang, J.P., Tang, H.V., Mendoza, J.S., Christensen, S.A., Block, A.K. 2020. Plant defense chemicals against insect pests. Agronomy Journal. 2020, 10(8), 1156. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081156.
Technical Abstract: Insect pests cause significant agricultural damage globally and incur significant financial and environmental costs to limit their impact. Crops contain intrinsic defenses to protect themselves from such pests, including a wide array of specialized secondary metabolite-based chemical defenses. These chemicals can be induced upon attack (phytoalexins) or produced constitutively (phytoanticipins), and either directly impact the pests or impact them indirectly by attracting the pest’s natural enemies. They form part of a global arms race between crops and their insect pests, with the insects developing methods of suppression, avoidance, detoxification, or even capture of their hosts defensive chemicals. Harnessing and optimizing the chemical defense capabilities of crops has the potential to aid in the continuing struggle to enhance and improve agricultural pest management. Such strategies include breeding for the restoration of chemical defenses from ancestral varieties, or perhaps eventually cross-species transfer of defense metabolite production.