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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stoneville, Mississippi » Southern Insect Management Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #376383

Research Project: Integrated Insect Pest and Resistance Management on Corn, Cotton, Sorghum, Soybean, and Sweet Potato

Location: Southern Insect Management Research

Title: Biology, ecology, and management strategies for pea aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in pulse crops

item SANDHI, RAMANDEEP KAUR - Montana State University
item Reddy, Gadi V.P.

Submitted to: Journal of Integrated Pest Management
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/8/2020
Publication Date: 10/8/2020
Citation: Sandhi, R., Reddy, G.V. 2020. Biology, ecology, and management strategies for pea aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in pulse crops. Journal of Integrated Pest Management. 11(18):1-20.

Interpretive Summary: Pulses are important legume crops grown all over the world and are a good source of plant proteins for humans and act as natural soil fertilizers with the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen. Different insect pests, including pea aphid. Currently, there are no effective non-chemical methods available for pea aphid control, with most farmers being reliant on chemical insecticides. Hence, a comprehensive review suitable for both growers and researchers about potential alternative control methods for pea aphid is needed. This article is focused on the biology, ecology, and various practices that were evaluated and being used to manage pea aphid. Bio-pesticides, biological control agents, and resistance management in pulse crops are the environmentally safer options to incorporate in IPM strategies and should be explored further.

Technical Abstract: Pea aphid, Acyrthospihon pisum (Harris), is one of the keys pests of pulse crops worldwide. The aphid has a broad host range, infesting crops such as faba bean, lupin, alfalfa, lentil, chickpea, grass pea and pea. This broad host range with a complex life cycle and ability to quickly adapt to new environmental conditions make it difficult to control this pest. Different studies focusing on the biology, ecology and management practices of pea aphid are reviewed here, along with case studies conducted on different integrated pest management strategies such as host plant resistance, cultural, genetic, biological, and chemical control.