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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Miami, Florida » Subtropical Horticulture Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #375915

Research Project: Methyl Bromide Replacement: Mitigation of the Invasive Pest Threat from the American Tropics and Subtropics

Location: Subtropical Horticulture Research

Title: Efficacy of 2- and 3-component cone lures for Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa

item Kendra, Paul
item VAZQUEZ, AIME - Oak Ridge Institute For Science And Education (ORISE)
item Gill, Micah
item MOSSER, LISA - Animal And Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
item CRANE, JONATHAN - University Of Florida
item CARRILO, DANIEL - University Of Florida

Submitted to: Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/10/2020
Publication Date: 11/11/2020
Citation: Kendra, P. E., A. Vázquez, M. A. Gill, L. K. Mosser, J. H. Crane, and D. Carrillo. 2020. Efficacy of 2- and 3-component cone lures for Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa. 67th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America (Virtual). 11-25 Nov 2020.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a quarantine pest of citrus and a production pest of guava and other specialty fruits in Florida. Effective field lures are needed for early pest detection and initiation of control measures. In the spring of 2020, three 10-week field tests were conducted in Homestead, FL to compare efficacy and longevity of 2- and 3-component (2C, 3C) cone lures, the current standards used by regulatory agencies, relative to the traditional liquid protein bait containing torula yeast (TY). Concurrent with field trials, additional lures were field-aged and periodically brought into the laboratory to quantify emissions using newly developed ion chromatography methods. In all field tests, traps baited with TY caught the highest number of flies, and traps baited with 2C lures captured significantly more than traps baited with 3C lures. Field longevity ranged from 6-8 weeks for the 2C lure, and 5-6 weeks for the 3C lure. Analysis of lure emissions is underway to correlate release rates of ammonia, putrescine, and trimethyl amine with fly attraction observed in the field. Results indicate that TY still provides the best detection of A. suspensa. Of the two synthetic lures, the 2C cone has a longer field life and is a more effective attractant for Anastrepha, apparently due to a repellent effect of the trimethyl amine component in 3C cones.