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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Animal Disease Center » Infectious Bacterial Diseases Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #375683

Research Project: Characterize the Immunopathogenesis and Develop Diagnostic and Mitigation Strategies to Control Tuberculosis in Cattle and Wildlife

Location: Infectious Bacterial Diseases Research

Title: Differential antigen recognition by serum antibodies from three bovid hosts of Mycobacterium bovis infection

item LYASHCHENKO, KONSTANTIN - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item SRIDHARA, ARCHANA - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item JOHNATHAN-LEE, ASHLEY - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item SIKAR-GANG, ALINA - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item LAMBOTTE, PAUL - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item ESFANDIARI, JAVAN - Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc
item BERNITZ, NETANYA - Stellenbosch University
item KERR, TANYA - Stellenbosch University
item MILLER, MICHELE - Stellenbosch University
item WATERS, RAY - Retired ARS Employee

Submitted to: Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/10/2020
Publication Date: 1/1/2020
Citation: Lyashchenko, K.P., Sridhara, A.A., Johnathan-Lee, A., Sikar-Gang, A., Lambotte, P., Esfandiari, J., Bernitz, N., Kerr, T.J., Miller, M.A., Waters, R.W. 2020. Differential antigen recognition by serum antibodies from three bovid hosts of Mycobacterium bovis infection. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 69(101424).

Interpretive Summary: Despite highly successful eradication efforts in several countries, tuberculosis of cattle remains a serious health concern worldwide. In addition, recent outbreaks of tuberculosis in Texas, New Mexico, Indiana, California, and South Dakota as well as recurrence of infection in Michigan demonstrate that the disease is far from eliminated from the United States. Improved techniques are needed for detection of infected cattle. Moreover, bovine tuberculosis is seen in many different animals species, making it difficult for one diagnostic test to identify tuberculosis in every species. In this study, blood from cattle, American bison and African buffaloes were compared. Differences between species will aid in the development of diagnostic tests to identify bovine tuberculosis in numerous species.

Technical Abstract: Cattle, bison and buffaloes are susceptible to Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent for bovine tuberculosis. Accurate and timely identification of infected animals is critical for improved management and control of disease in these species. Bovids develop humoral immune responses to M. bovis infection making serological tests attractive for tuberculosis screening. However, optimization and validation of antibody assays designed for various animal species require understanding of antigen recognition patterns in each target host. The objective of this study was to characterize serological reactivity profiles generated by cattle, American bison, and African buffaloes in tuberculosis. Serum samples from M. bovis-infected animals were tested for the presence of IgM and IgG antibodies to MPB70/MPB83 and CFP10/ESAT6 chimeric proteins using Dual-Path Platform technology. All three host species showed IgG responses of higher magnitude and frequency than IgM responses; further, IgM seroreactivity was limited to MPB70/MPB83, whereas IgG antibodies recognized both test antigens. In cattle, the IgM and IgG responses were elicited mainly by MPB70/MPB83, whereas bison and buffaloes showed similar IgG seroreactivity rates for MPB70/MPB83 and CFP10/ESAT6 antigens. The findings demonstrate distinct patterns of predominant antigen recognition by different bovid species in M. bovis infection.