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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Little Rock, Arkansas » Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #374977

Research Project: Impact of Maternal Influence and Early Dietary Factors on Child Growth, Development, and Metabolic Health

Location: Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center

Title: Body composition measurements from birth through 5 years: Challenges, gaps, and existing & emerging technologies—A National Institutes of Health workshop

Author
item GALLAGHER, DYMPNA - Columbia University - New York
item ANDRES, ALINE - Arkansas Children'S Nutrition Research Center (ACNC)
item FIELDS, DAVID - University Of Oklahoma
item EVANS, WILLIAM - University Of California (UCLA)
item KUCZMARSKI, ROBERT - National Institute Of Diabetes And Digestive And Kidney Diseases
item LOWE JR, WILLIAM - Northwestern University
item LUMENG, JULIE - University Of Michigan
item OKEN, EMILY - Harvard Medical School
item SHEPHERD, JOHN - University Of Hawaii
item SUN, SHUMEI - University Of Michigan
item HEYMSFIELD, STEVEN - Pennington Biomedical Research Center

Submitted to: Obesity Reviews
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/24/2020
Publication Date: 4/20/2020
Citation: Gallagher, D., Andres, A., Fields, D.A., Evans, W.J., Kuczmarski, R., Lowe Jr, W.L., Lumeng, J.C., Oken, E., Shepherd, J.A., Sun, S., Heymsfield, S.B. 2020. Body composition measurements from birth through 5 years: Challenges, gaps, and existing & emerging technologies—A National Institutes of Health workshop. Obesity Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13033.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13033

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Body composition estimates are widely used in clinical research and field studies as measures of energy-nutrient balance, functionality and health. Despite their broad rele-vance and multiple applications, important gaps remain in techniques available for accu-rately and precisely quantifying body composition in infants and children from birth through 5 years. Identifying these gaps and highlighting research needs in this age group were the topics of a National Institutes of Health workshop held in Bethesda, MD,USA, 30–31 May 2019. Experts reviewed available methods (multicompartment models, air-displacement plethysmography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, weight-length and height indices, bioimpedance analysis, anthropometry-skinfold techniques, quantitative magnetic resonance, optical imaging, omics and D3-creatine dilution), their limitations in this age range and high priority research needs. A summary of their individual and collective workshop deliberations is provided in this report.