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ARS Home » Midwest Area » East Lansing, Michigan » Sugarbeet and Bean Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #374182

Research Project: Utilizing Genetic Diversity within Phaseolus vulgaris to Develop Dry Beans with Enhanced Functional Properties

Location: Sugarbeet and Bean Research

Title: Registration of ‘Yellowstone’ yellow bean

Author
item KELLY, JAMES - Michigan State University
item AWALE, HALIMA - Michigan State University
item WIERSMA, ANDREW - Michigan State University
item Cichy, Karen
item WRIGHT, EVAN - Michigan State University

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/23/2020
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: 'Yellowstone' yellow bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), developed by the Michigan State University AgBioResearch, was released in 2020 as an adapted, virus resistant cultivar with an intense ‘highlighter’ yellow seed coat color. Yellow beans are a minor commercial class in the US but are widely grown in Latin America and East Africa under a wide array of names (Amarillo, Azufrado, Canario, Manteca, Mayocoba, Njano, and Peruano) and growth habits. Consumer interest in yellow bean stems from anecdotal evidence that they are more digestible and cause less intestinal distress. Recent studies on bioavailability and cooking time lends support to these widely held views. Yellowstone is well adapted to growing conditions in Michigan and produces seed with an intense yellow seed coat color under local conditions. Yellowstone is resistant to lodging, which also contributes to avoidance of white mold, and exhibits Bean Common Mosaic Necrotic Virus resistance. Yellowstone produces seed that exceeds industry standards for export and packaging, and canning quality was rated acceptable for the yellow bean seed class.

Technical Abstract: ‘Yellowstone’ yellow bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) , developed by Michigan State University AgBioResearch was released in 2020 as a determinate, virus resistant cultivar with highly desirable vibrant dry seed coat color. Yellowstone was developed using pedigree breeding method to the F3 generation followed by pure line selection for disease, agronomic and quality traits. In 4-years of field trials, Yellowstone yielded 2885 kg ha-1, flowered in 41 d and matured in 94 d on average. Plants averaged 47 cm in height, with lodging resistance score of 1.8 and seed weight of 46 g 100 seed-1. Yellowstone is well adapted to growing conditions in MI and produces seed with an intense yellow seed coat color under local conditions. Yellowstone is resistant to lodging, which also contributes to avoidance of white mold, caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary. Yellowstone exhibits the top necrosis reaction to strain NL 3 of Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) conditioned by the I gene. Yellowstone produces seed that exceeds industry standards for export and packaging, and canning quality was rated acceptable for the yellow bean seed class.