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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Wooster, Ohio » Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #373860

Research Project: Genetic and Biochemical Basis of Soft Winter Wheat End-Use Quality

Location: Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality Research

Title: Registration of ‘Hilliard’ wheat

Author
item GRIFFEY, CARL - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item MALLA, SUBAS - Texas A&M University
item BROOKS, WYNSE - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item SEAGO, JOHN - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item CHRISTOPHER, ANTHONY - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item THOMASON, WADE - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item PITMAN, ROBERT - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item MARKHAM, ROBIN - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item VAUGHN, MARK - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item DUNAWAY, DAVID - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item BEAHM, MARY - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item BARRACK, C - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item RUCKER, ELIZABETH - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item BEHL, HARRY - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item HARDIMAN, THOMAS - Virginia Crop Improvement Association
item BEAHM, BRUCE - Virginia Crop Improvement Association
item BROWNING, PHILIP - Virginia Crop Improvement Association
item SCHMALE III, DAVID - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item MCMASTER, NIKI - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item CURTIS, J - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item GULICK, STEVE - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item ASHBURN, S - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item JONES JR., NED - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item Baik, Byung-Kee
item Bockelman, Harold
item Marshall, David
item Fountain, Myron
item Brown-Guedira, Gina
item Cowger, Christina
item Cambron, Sue
item Kolmer, James - Jim
item Jin, Yue
item Chen, Xianming
item Garland-Campbell, Kimberly
item SPARRY, ELLEN - C & M Seeds

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/10/2020
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: A soft red winter wheat variety, “Hilliard’ was developed and released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station in March 2015. The Virginia Crop Improvement Association in Mechanicsville, VA is marketing and distributing the seed of Hilliard. Hilliard has a wide adaptation and can be grown from Texas to Ontario Canada. Wide adaptation and good performance of a cultivar are dependent on its resistance to diseases prevalent in diverse production areas. Hilliard expresses moderate or higher levels of resistance to the disease-causing organisms prevalent in the eastern U.S. and Ontario, Canada. It has high yield potential, good straw strength, and intermediate grain volume weight and quality. The release of Hilliard benefits wheat growers in the eastern U.S. region by providing a widely adapted, high yielding, mid-season cultivar that has good straw strength and winter hardiness, and intermediate grain volume weight and end-use quality.

Technical Abstract: ‘Hilliard’ (Reg. No. CV- , PI 676271) a soft red winter (SRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) developed and tested as VA11W-108 by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station was released in March 2015. Hilliard was derived from the cross ‘25R47’ (PI 631473) / ‘Jamestown’ (PI 653731). Hilliard is widely adapted, from Texas to Ontario Canada, and provides producers with a mid-season, medium height, awned, semi-dwarf (Rht2) cultivar that has high yield potential, good straw strength, and intermediate grain volume weight and quality. It expresses moderate to high levels of resistance to most diseases prevalent in the eastern U.S. and Ontario, Canada. In the 2016 to 2018 USDA-ARS Uniform SRW Wheat Nurseries, Hilliard ranked first in grain yield in the Southern Nursery over all three years (5147 to 5758 kg ha-1). In the Uniform Eastern Nursery, it ranked first for grain yield in 2016 (6159 kg ha-1) and 2017 (5633 kg ha-1) and second in 2018 (5515 kg ha-1). Grain volume weights of Hilliard were similar to overall trial averages in the Uniform Southern (73.4 to 75.2 kg hl-1) and Eastern (70 to 75.8 kg hl-1) nurseries. Hilliard has soft grain texture with flour softness equivalent values varying from 58.1 to 61.7 g 100g-1. Straight grade flour yields on a Quadrumat Senior mill varied from 66.8 to 68.4 g kg-1. Flour protein concentration varied from 7.0 to 9.1 g 100g-1 and gluten strength from 108 to 128 g 100g-1. Cookie spread diameter varied from 18.3 to 18.6 cm.