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Research Project: Improvement and Maintenance of Flavor, Shelf Life, Functional Characteristics, and Biochemical/Bioactive Components in Peanuts, Peanut Products and Related Commodities through Improved Handling, ...

Location: Food Science and Market Quality and Handling Research Unit

Title: Seed composition survey of a peanut CSSL population reveals introgression lines with elevated oleic/linoleic profile

item GIMODE, D - University Of Georgia
item CHU,, YE - University Of Georgia
item Dean, Lisa
item Holbrook, Carl - Corley
item FONCEKA, DANIEL - Regional Study Center For The Improvement Of Adaptation To Drought
item OZIAS-AKINS, PEGGY - University Of Georgia

Submitted to: Peanut Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/4/2020
Publication Date: 11/1/2020
Citation: Gimode, D., Chu, Y., Dean, L.L., Holbrook Jr, C.C., Fonceka, D., Ozias-Akins, P. 2020. Seed composition survey of a peanut CSSL population reveals introgression lines with elevated oleic/linoleic profile. Peanut Science. 47:139–149.

Interpretive Summary: A series of peanut germplasm that had segments of their chromosomes replaced with segments from a synthetic allotetraploid peanut designated as CSSL was analyzed to determine the chemical composition. This population used the peanut cultivar, Fleur 11 which is a spanish type grown in Senegal in West Africa. A total of 122 lines were developed in this study so that each contained a small chromosomal segment from the wild species so that this group represents the entire genome. The samples were analyzed for protein, total oil and fatty acid and sugar profiles. This work found that the polymorphisms did not radically change the oleic to linoleic ratio (O/L) but did indicate the potential involvement of new genetic polymorphisms associated with the O/L trait.

Technical Abstract: The peanut CSSL population represents one of the ways that interspecific hybridization has been used to introduce genetic variation into cultivated peanut. The lines were developed by crossing Fleur 11, a farmer preferred spanish cultivar from West Africa with a synthetic allotetraploid. The latter was developed by crossing A. duranensis to A. ipaensis and tetraploidizing the resultant hybrid. Subsequent selection with genetic markers resulted in a population comprising lines with small chromosome segments from the wild in a cultivated peanut background. The objective of this study was to characterize the protein, total oil, fatty acid and sugar profiles of the population. The results indicated that the values of Fleur 11 for all the traits analyzed were within the normal range expected in peanut. Since the population had a uniform genetic background derived from Fleur 11, the profiles for a majority of the lines were comparable to Fleur 11. However, three lines (CSSL 84, CSSL 100 and CSSL 111) were found to have elevated oleic acid and reduced linoleic and palmitic acid relative to Fleur 11. The oleic to linoleic acid ratios (O/L) for these lines were 118, 104 and 97% greater than that of Fleur 11, respectively. While the increased values are still considered to be within the normal oleic acid range, the effect of introgressions on these lines represent the possibility of discovering new sources of high O/L polymorphisms. Such polymorphisms have the potential for use in further improving peanut oil quality.