Skip to main content
ARS Home » Plains Area » Clay Center, Nebraska » U.S. Meat Animal Research Center » Reproduction Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #371964

Research Project: Improving Lifetime Productivity in Swine

Location: Reproduction Research

Title: Nutritionally-induced alteration in KNDy neuronal expression in the arcuate nucleus of ewes

Author
item PREZOTTO, L - Montana State University
item Lents, Clay
item REDMER, D - North Dakota State University
item GRAZUL-BILSKA, ANNA - North Dakota State University
item THORSON, JENNIFER - Montana State University

Submitted to: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/28/2020
Publication Date: 5/8/2020
Citation: Prezotto, L.D., Lents, C.A., Redmer, D.A., Grazul-Bilska, A.T., Thorson, J.F. 2020. Nutritionally-induced alteration in KNDy neuronal expression in the arcuate nucleus of ewes [abstract]. Journal of the Endocrine Society. 4(Supplement 1):A1123. SUN-LB54. https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.2226.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.2226

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Kisspeptin, neurokinin B, and dynorphin are imperative for GnRH/LH pulsatility and reproductive cyclicity. Neurons co-expressing these neuropeptides, KNDy neurons, within the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ARC) are positioned to integrate energy balance signals from neuronal and glial cells. Energy balance mediates neurokinin B expression in the ARC and LH pulse amplitude. Dynorphin mediates progesterone negative feedback on GnRH neurons. The hypothesis that the number of KNDy-expressing neurons in the ARC of ewes during the luteal phase is increased with negative and positive energy balance was tested using ovary-intact, mature ewes fed to lose, maintain, or gain body weight. Fluorescent multiplex immunohistochemistry was employed to identify and quantify neurons expressing a single neuropeptide and co-expressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B, and dynorphin A in the ARC. Kaminski et al. (1) reported previously concentrations of insulin and leptin differed between ewes fed to achieve different body weights and that ewes fed to gain body weight had increased concentrations of progesterone in the luteal phase. Moreover, tanycyte density and cellular penetration into the ARC are increased in ewes fed to gain body weight (2). Number of neurons in the ARC expressing kisspeptin (14.9 ± 2.7 neurons, 20.9 ± 3.6 neurons, and 51.5 ± 3.3 neurons in ewes fed to lose, maintain, and gain body weight, respectively), neurokinin B (21.5 ± 3.2 neurons, 31.3 ± 4.3 neurons, and 56.0 ± 3.9 neurons in ewes fed to lose, maintain, and gain body weight, respectively), and dynorphin (10.1 ± 2.4 neurons, 14.9 ± 3.2 neurons, and 33.1 ± 2.9 neurons in ewes fed to lose, maintain, and gain body weight, respectively) protein was increased (P < 0.0001) in ewes fed to gain body weight. Number of KNDy neurons in the ARC expressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B, and dynorphin protein was decreased in ewes fed to lose body weight (1.0 ± 0.5 neurons; P = 0.01) and increased in ewes fed to gain body weight (6.7 ± 0.6 neurons; P = 0.0005) when compared to ewes fed to maintain body weight (3.3 ± 0.7 neurons). These findings suggest that expression of kisspeptin, neurokinin B, and dynorphin protein in the ARC during the luteal phase of the estrous cycle may be influenced by nutritionally-induced alterations in circulating concentrations of progesterone that drive changes in morphology and density of tanycytes. Moreover, these results demonstrate that changes in KNDy neurons within the ARC occur as an adaptation to energy balance, potentially regulated divergently by metabolic milieu.