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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #370122

Research Project: Management of Specimens and Associated Information in the U.S. National Fungus Collections, with Emphasis on Critically Important Plant Pathogenic Fungi

Location: Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory

Title: New and interesting fungi. 3

Author
item CROUS, PEDRO - FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY
item WINGFIELD, MIKE - UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA
item SCHUMACHER, RENE - NON ARS EMPLOYEE
item AKULOV, ALEXANDER - UNIVERSITY OF KHARKIV
item BULGAKOV, TIMOR - RUSSIAN INSTITUTE OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY
item CARNEGIE, ANGUS - NSW DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES
item JURJEVIC, ZELJKO - NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
item DECOCK, CONY - CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF LEUVEN
item DENMAN, SANDRA - FORESTRY COMMISSION
item LOMBARD, LORENZO - FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY
item LAWRENCE, DANIEL - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item STACK, ABIGAIL - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item GORDON, THOMAS - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item BOSTOCK, RICHARD - UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
item BURGESS, TREENA - MURDOCH UNIVERSITY
item SUMMERELL, BRETT - ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN SYDNEY
item TAYLOR, PAUL - UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE
item EDWARDS, JACQUELINE - LA TROBE UNIVERSITY
item HOU, LINGWEI - CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
item CAI, LEI - CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
item ROSSMAN, AMY - RETIRED ARS EMPLOYEE
item WOHNER, THOMAS - JULIUS KUHN INSTITUTE
item ALLEN, WILLIAM - NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Castlebury, Lisa
item VISAGIE, COBUS - UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA
item GROENEWALD, JOHANNES - FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY

Submitted to: Fungal Systematics and Evolution
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/3/2020
Publication Date: 5/20/2020
Citation: Crous, P., Wingfield, M., Schumacher, R.K., Akulov, A., Bulgakov, T.S., Carnegie, A.J., Jurjevic, Z., Decock, C., Denman, S., Lombard, L., Lawrence, D., Stack, A.J., Gordon, T., Bostock, R., Burgess, T.I., Summerell, B., Taylor, P.W., Edwards, J., Hou, L., Cai, L., Rossman, A.Y., Wohner, T., Allen, W.C., Castlebury, L.A., Visagie, C.M., Groenewald, J.Z. 2020. New and interesting fungi. 3. Fungal Systematics and Evolution. 6(1):157-231. https://doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2020.06.09.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2020.06.09

Interpretive Summary: Recent changes in the rules by which fungi are named have caused problems in knowing what to call some plant pathogenic fungi. Numerous papers have been published with recommendations on which name should be used for major groups of plant pathogens but some individual species have been overlooked. In this paper all known information is used to decide the correct name for a fungal species causing a disease of apples, Diplocarpon coronariae. This work is significant because it will allow correct identification of this important disease-causing fungus. These results will be used by plant pathologists, horticulturists, and forestry professionals as well as plant quarantine officials who need accurate scientific names to communicate about fungi.

Technical Abstract: Apple blotch is a severe disease of apples that was initially described from North America and has caused enormous losses to apple production in Asia. It is also becoming more problematic in Europe. Known primarily in the asexual morph, the causal fungus has long been known as Marssonina coronariae (Ellis & Davis) Davis. The sexual morph was discovered and described as Diplocarpon mali Y. Harada & Sawamura and there seems to be no doubt that M. coronariae and D. mali both refer to the fungal species causing apple blotch. Several studies have confirmed that this species is congeneric with D. rosae, type of Diplocarpon. It has been recommended that Diplocarpon should be protected and used rather than Marssonina and after evaluating all of the known synonyms that have been applied to this species, the oldest epithet is Ascochyta coronaria 1903. Thus, the name Ascochyta coronaria should be placed in Diplocarpon as Diplocarpon coronariae (Ellis & Davis) Rossman & Wöhner. A nomenclator is provided.