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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stuttgart, Arkansas » Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Cntr » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #369610

Research Project: The Role of Mucosal Surfaces and Microflora in Immunity and Disease Prevention

Location: Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Cntr

Title: Investigating the use of peracetic acid to reduce saprolegniasis in Atlantic salmon RAS culture

item GOOD, CHRIS - Freshwater Institute
item DAVIDSON, JOHN - Freshwater Institute
item MAY, TRAVIS - Freshwater Institute
item CROUSE, CIRTOS - Freshwater Institute
item LEPINE, CHRISTINE - Freshwater Institute
item REDMAN, NATALIE - Freshwater Institute
item MURRAY, MEGAN - Freshwater Institute
item SUMMERFELT, STEVEN - Freshwater Institute
item Straus, David - Dave
item Harper, Susan
item MARANCIK, DAVID - St George'S University
item Welch, Timothy - Tim
item Peterson, Brian
item PEDERSEN, LARS-FLEMMING - Danish Technical University
item PHUNTUMART, VIPAPORN - Bowling Green State University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/20/2019
Publication Date: 10/7/2019
Citation: Good, C., Davidson, J., May, T., Crouse, C., Lepine, C., Redman, N., Murray, M., Summerfelt, S., Straus, D.L., Harper, S.B., Marancik, D., Welch, T.J., Peterson, B.C., Pedersen, L., Phuntumart, V. 2019. Investigating the use of peracetic acid to reduce saprolegniasis in Atlantic salmon RAS culture [abstract]. 5th NordicRAS Workshop, Berlin, Germany, October 7 - 8, 2019. p. 41.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Despite numerous biosecurity benefits provided by land-based, closed-containment water recirculation aquaculture system (RAS) operations, opportunistic pathogens, such as Saprolegnia spp. oomycetes (causative agents of saprolegniasis) can still represent disease threats if environmental conditions are unfavorable, during vulnerable fish life-stages, or following stressful procedures. Saprolegniasis in general is associated with enormous losses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar aquaculture, especially during the early rearing fry stage, smoltification, and following vaccination. We have investigated strategies to reduce saprolegniasis during each of these high-risk production cycle stages; however, at the time of abstract submission, only one study has been completed, while the remaining two are ongoing and will be presented at the workshop. To assess post-vaccination saprolegniasis, we applied daily peracetic acid (PAA) bath treatments at three dosages while evaluating the effects of these treatments on biofilter performance in replicated (12) experimental-scale RAS stocked with Atlantic salmon parr (200 fish per RAS, 94g mean weight) following intracoelomic injection vaccination. The PAA doses assessed were 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/L, and these were applied to each culture tank for a period of six weeks post-vaccination. Survival, waterborne Saprolegnia spp. colony counts, gill, spleen, and kidney histopathology, and biofiltration function (measured by total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) removal efficiency), were assessed. Visible skin lesions and fin erosion, hemorrhage, and observable Saprolegnia spp. infection were also evaluated. While no major post-vaccination saprolegniasis occurred in this study, survival was statistically (p<0.05) lower in control salmon, and visible saprolegniasis was significantly more prevalent in the control group. Despite less saprolegniasis being associated with PAA treatment, all treatment groups were associated with significantly lower fish weight by study’s end. Biofilter TAN removal efficiency was not impacted by PAA administration at all dosages. Results suggest that low-dose PAA might be effective in reducing post-vaccination saprolegniasis while not significantly impacting RAS biofiltration. Further research, however, is necessary to confirm these findings, especially in commercial settings experiencing significant issues with saprolegniasis.