Location: Animal Parasitic Diseases LaboratoryTitle: Coccidiosis of livestock, poultry, companion animals and humans
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2019
Publication Date: 11/27/2019
Citation: Dubey, J.P. 2019. Coccidiosis in South American Camelids. In: Dubey, J.P. Coccidiosis in Livestock, Poultry, Companion Animals, and Humans. 1st Edition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 153-158. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429294105.
Interpretive Summary: Coccidia are a group of single celled parasites. This group of protozoa include important genera: Eimeria, Cystoisospora, Cyclospora, Sarcocystis and Isospora that can cause serious illness in livestock, poultry, and humans and some species are zoonotic (parasites transmitted from animals to humans). Camelids (llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, guanacos) are important for the economy of South America and Eimeria infections are important as cause of mortality in camelids. Of the five most prevalent species of Eimeria in South American camelids, E. macusaniensis is considered the most pathogenic. Affected camelids can die suddenly without obvious clinical signs.In this chapter, the author reviews history, the life cycle, biology, epidemiology, diagnosis and control of coccidiosis in llamas and related species . This review will be of interest to parasitologists, biologists, and veterinarians.
Technical Abstract: This is a review.