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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Functional Foods Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #369219

Research Project: Improving Quality, Stability, and Functionality of Oils and Bioactive Lipids

Location: Functional Foods Research

Title: Study on polymers and alcohols formed in soybean oil at frying temperatures

item Hwang, Hong-Sik
item BALL, JAMES - Ford Motor Company
item Doll, Kenneth - Ken
item Vermillion, Karl

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/29/2020
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Significant amounts of dimers, oligomers, and polymers that are associated with adverse health effects are produced during frying. However, chemical bonds forming polymers have not been well understood. In this study, ester bonds, which were recently found to be one of chemical bonds producing polymers in oxidized biodiesel, were examined in soybean oil (SBO) oxidized by frying and heating at 175 ºC. Ester value increased as SBO oxidized up to day 3 and slightly decreased at day 4 indicating that esterification and hydrolysis concomitantly occurred under the frying and heating conditions used in this study. The ^13^C NMR spectrum showed new ester carbonyl carbon signals evidencing the formation of ester bonds. This study concluded that there were unidentified chemical bonds forming polymers other than ester bonds, and an attempt was made to find these chemical bonds using NMR spectroscopy. The reaction of oxidized SBO with acetyl chloride verified that proton signals at 3.61 and at 3.71 ppm were those of alcohols produced in oil oxidation. Although a previous study reported that ether bonds formed polymers in oil, no NMR signals indicating ether bonds were observed with SBO oxidized under the conditions in this study. Using the ^1^H NMR spectrum after the reaction with acetyl chloride, some uncertain assignments of proton signals of oxidized SBO were clarified as signals of alcohols, several previously assigned signals as alcohols were confirmed, and a new proton NMR signal was assigned to be an alcohol.